Dementia is the loss of cognitive functioning – thinking, remembering, and reasoning — to the point where it interferes with everyday living and activities. Some dementia patients cannot manage their emotions, and their personalities may shift. Manipal Hospital, Yeshwanthpur, provides treatments and therapies to patients who have dementia.
It can be challenging to determine the type of dementia. To pinpoint the aetiology of dementia, the doctor must recognise the pattern of skill and function loss and determine what a person is still capable of doing. Biomarkers have recently been accessible to aid in diagnosing Alzheimer's disease.
Doctors will examine you and go over your medical history and symptoms. Since no single medical experiment can identify dementia, doctors will most likely do a battery of tests to narrow down the cause. If you are looking for a dementia treatment hospital in Yeshwanthpur, visit Manipal Hospitals.
Cognitive and neuropsychological evaluations
Doctors will assess your cognitive ability. Several tests are available to assess cognitive abilities, such as memory, orientation, reasoning and judgement, language skills, and attention.
A mental health specialist can assess whether your symptoms are caused by depression or another mental health problem. Most types of dementia can't be cured, but there are ways to manage your symptoms.
The measures which are adopted for testing such symptoms and ailments are as follows-
Doctors assess your memory, language skills, visual perception, attention, problem-solving abilities, movement, senses, balance, reflexes, and other skills.
CT or MRI brain scans
These scans can look for signs of a stroke, haemorrhage, tumour, or hydrocephalus.
These can reveal patterns of brain activity as well as whether amyloid or tau protein, both markers of Alzheimer's disease, have been deposited in the brain.
Blood tests can uncover disorders impairing brain function, such as a lack of vitamin B-12 or an underactive thyroid gland. The spinal fluid is sometimes tested for infection, inflammation, or signs of degenerative disorders.
The following are used to alleviate dementia symptoms and help in overcoming the condition if possible-
Cholinesterase inhibitors-Cholinesterase inhibitors, such as donepezil (Aricept), rivastigmine (Exelon), and galantamine (Razadyne), function by increasing levels of a chemical messenger implicated in memory and judgement. Although these drugs are generally used to treat Alzheimer's disease, they may also be recommended for other dementias such as vascular dementia, Parkinson's disease dementia, and Lewy body dementia. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea are possible side effects. Slowed heart rate, fainting, and sleep difficulties are all possible side effects.
Memantine-Memantine (Namenda) regulates glutamate activity, another chemical messenger involved in brain activities such as learning and memory. Memantine is sometimes used with a cholinesterase inhibitor. Book an appointment with us to know more about medicinal treatment.
Several dementia symptoms and behavioural issues may be initially treated using non-drug techniques, such as:
An occupational therapist can educate you on making your home more secure and give you coping skills. The goal is to prevent accidents, such as falls, control behaviour, and prepare you for the onset of dementia.
Reducing clutter and loudness in the environment can help someone with dementia focus and operate better. You may need to conceal anything that could endanger your safety, such as knives and car keys. If the person with dementia wanders, monitoring systems can notify you.
Divide jobs into smaller segments and concentrate on success rather than failure. Structure and routine also aid in the reduction of disorientation in people with dementia.