Blood is a fluid that carries oxygen and nutrients to all parts of the body. Haematology is the branch of medicine that deals with blood disorders. Some of the most common types of disorders are leukaemia, anaemia, and lymphoma. These disorders can be treated with different types of treatments, including chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy.
Therapeutic options for Haematology
Leukaemia, also known as Blood cancer, is a disease characterised by the rapid growth of abnormal cells in the bone marrow, where most of the body’s blood is made. Leukaemia usually involves White blood cells.
It is one of the popular treatments for blood cancer. It is a medical treatment that involves the usage of anti-cancer drugs to stop or slow down the growth of cancer cells. It may be used before, during, or after surgery. Therapeutic treatments in Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore is available at Manipal Hospitals, visit today.
It involves X-rays or other high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells.
The main function of the immune system is to protect our body from various diseases. T-cells are an important component of our immune system, which specifically hunts down abnormal cells like cancer cells.
In this therapy, a patient’s own T-cells are collected from blood and then re-engineered in a special laboratory into CAR (Chimeric Antigen Receptor) T-cells which are now strengthened to fight cancer. These re-engineered cells, when reinjected, multiply rapidly and attack cancer cells.
This therapy is likely to be available in India from 2023.
Sickle cell disease is an inherited disorder caused due to formation of abnormal haemoglobin leading to oxygen deficiency. Since SCD patients are highly prone to stroke, blood transfusion is recommended to prevent its recurrence.
It is a procedure by which blood from a healthy matching donor is injected into the patient when his body is unable to make blood on its own. Blood transfusions are also done to replace the blood lost during surgery. In blood transfusion, four types of blood components may be given, which are as follows,
Red blood cells carry oxygen to other parts.
Platelets help to stop bleeding.
Plasma is the fluid part.
White blood cells help in fighting infections.
It is an anti-cancer drug. This medicine helps in reducing the pain crisis and increases haemoglobin. It also reduces the clotting of blood vessels. It induces the production of foetal haemoglobin (HbF). However, pregnant patients must strictly avoid this drug.
This is the only “cure” available for treating SCD currently. Stem cells produced by bone marrow can be turned into different types of cells.
Thus, stem cells of a healthy donor are injected into the patient, which in turn starts producing healthy RBCs. However, it also involves various risks, such as graft vs host disease, where the donor cells start attacking the host cells. This treatment is recommended only for critical patients, and the biggest challenge lies in finding a suitable donor.
Cellular Therapy is aimed at improving the immune system’s ability to fight against cancer cells. The process involves three stages, namely,
Collecting a specific set of cells from the patient’s blood
Modifying them to attack the cancer cells vigorously.
Reinjecting them into the patient
Cellular therapy is much similar to stem cell transplant. The only difference is that in stem cell transplant, blood-forming cells are modified, whereas, in cellular therapy, the immune system cells are modified.
Clotting disorders can either be inherited or occur spontaneously. Usually, blood clots are developed after surgery in most patients due to less movement.
Clotting disorders are treated by anticoagulant therapy. Therapy involves intravenous heparin followed by oral warfarin. The duration of the therapy ranges from 3 to 6 months. Book an appointment with us for the best treatment.