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Targeted therapy

Targeted therapy in Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore

What do you mean by Targeted Therapy?

A type of cancer treatment called targeted therapy concentrates on the genetic alterations or mutations that cause healthy cells to develop into cancer cells. Healthcare professionals do genetic testing to identify the genetic alterations that support cancer cells' ability to increase and survive. Then, they decide on specific treatments to eradicate or stop the growth of certain cells. 

Healthcare professionals can treat cancer cells with targeted therapy without harming healthy cells. To treat a variety of cancers, healthcare professionals have created more than 80 targeted therapies. In some cases, targeted therapy may be used as the initial or first line of treatment. Additionally, they might add tailored therapy to other therapies. Targeted therapy in Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore is available at Manipal Hospitals, visit today.

How does this therapy work?

Healthcare professionals can target particular cancer cell components for treatment once they are aware of the genetic mutation that transforms a healthy cell into a cancer cell. On cancer cell surfaces, they can occasionally be targets. Other times, the compounds found inside cancer cells are targeted. The two most popular categories of targeted therapies and how they treat cancer are described below,

Monoclonal antibodies

Man-made versions of your antibodies are known as monoclonal antibodies. Your immune system includes your antibodies. They are proteins that comb through your body, looking for traces of foreign proteins (antigens) that may originate from conditions like infections or cancer cells. Antibodies target these antigens to eliminate the invaders. Multiple strategies are used by monoclonal antibodies to combat cancer cells.

Small-molecule medications

These medications connect or bind to specific targets on cancer cells, stopping the proliferation or increase of cancer cells or killing them.

Examples of Targeted Therapy

It takes a lot for cancer cells to survive. The targeted treatments used to prevent cancer cells from thriving, increasing, and growing include,

Angiogenesis inhibitors

Cancer cells depend on blood arteries for oxygen and nutrients to survive, just like all organs and tissues. Cancer cells release chemical signals that encourage the growth of new blood vessels to ensure that they receive enough oxygen and nutrients. Inhibitors of angiogenesis stop the flow of blood to cancer cells as well as these signals. Consult with our experts today to know more about Angiogenesis inhibitors.

Proteasome inhibitors

This focused treatment concentrates on a class of enzymes known as proteasomes. These enzymes break down the proteins in cancer cells.

Signal transduction inhibitors

This therapy interferes with the cancer cell's communication network to grow and survive. In order to communicate with other proteins inside the cell, cancer cells typically use a protein receptor called a signalling receptor. For instructions on dividing, dying, and other actions cancer cells take to increase and reproduce, these proteins depend on the signalling receptor.

What advantages come with targeted therapy?

The main advantage of targeted therapy is that it can eliminate cancer cells without harming healthy cells and may also prevent cancer cells' development. When other treatments have failed, healthcare experts may suggest targeted therapies. Book an appointment at our multi-speciality hospital today.

What are the side effects of Targeted Therapy?

Targeted therapy medications may have fewer adverse effects than traditional therapies like chemotherapy since they are made to only destroy cancer cells while sparing healthy cells. Nevertheless, the targeted therapy may alter cell activity, which could result in adverse consequences that need to be watched for and managed.

Side effects of targeted therapy could include,

  • rashes, dry skin, or flaky skin

  • fingernails or cuticles that are cracked or irritated

  • diarrhoea or gastrointestinal issues

  • impaired wound healing or blood clotting

  • elevated blood pressure

  • fatigue

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