In medical terms, investigation refers to examining the person’s body by following various methods or processes. One such process is known as Haematology which means the study or examination of blood. Investigation in Haematology includes the examination of blood, blood proteins, and organs that produce blood. Haematology tests include various blood conditions like anaemia, inflammation, blood clotting disorder, leukaemia, and response to chemotherapy treatment.
Type of Haematology Investigations
Various types of tests in haematology are carried out for different purposes. Some of these are,
Full Blood Testing
A complete blood count test helps evaluate three components in blood: white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. The primary purpose of a complete blood test is to examine infection, anaemia, or hemato-oncological diseases.
Red Blood Cells Testing
Red blood cell testing helps to determine the reasons for the increasing or decreasing of red blood cells in the body. Red blood cells increase because of dehydration, anxiety, and other conditions. The reasons for decreasing red cells are chemotherapy, blood loss, chronic inflammatory diseases, etc.
White Blood Cells Testing
White blood cells help to fight against different illnesses in the body. Examination of white cells is necessary to diagnose some conditions in the body. When a person suffers from anaemia, the white blood cells increase in the body. Hemato Investigations in Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore is available at Manipal Hospitals, visit today.
The Epstein-Barr virus causes infectious mononucleosis, which is also known as mono. The testing of these contagious diseases includes the evaluation of antibodies made by the immune system because the antibodies help to fight against the infection.
Vitamin B12 Deficiency Testing
The deficiency of Vitamin B12 makes us feel tired as our energy level goes down, and this Vitamin helps us to maintain healthy blood cells and healthy nerves. With the help of a simple blood test, the deficiency of vitamin B12 can be detected. After the detection of deficiency, it becomes easy to take necessary actions.
Blood Glucose Checking
Blood glucose has been tested to know how much a person can control diabetes in the past few months. This non-fasting test is an accurate test that allows one to know the glucose level in the blood.
Hematocrit or Platelets
Hematocrit, or HCT, refers to the proportion of plasma in red blood cells. HCT testing is conducted when there is suspicion of problems due to hydration levels and anaemia. If a suspect of anaemia arises, red blood cells are tested.
Platelets help in blood clotting and resist the flow of blood from a wound. But the high rate of platelets may be due to acute infection, trauma, or malignant cancers, and Platelets may decrease due to anaemia, coagulation disorders, or infection.
Oxygen passes in our body due to haemoglobin. Although haemoglobin is essential for life, it may increase or decrease in the body. The haemoglobin level may increase due to dehydration, congestive heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases. Haemoglobin decreases due to the loss of white blood, anaemia, and liver disease.
Testing for Cholesterol
A high level of cholesterol is dangerous for our hearts. The doctor confirms the level by testing cholesterol and continues the treatment further. The blood test includes total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and HDL cholesterol. Book an appointment to know more.
Apart from Haematology investigation, there are other types of clinical investigation. It is carried out for different purposes, like diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of any diseases. The primary purpose of clinical investigation is to collect evidence so that the correct actions can be taken to treat any condition or illness.