What are Bone Marrow studies?
Bone marrow is a spongy and soft tissue located in the centre of the bones. The bone marrow produces a variety of blood cells, including,
Red blood cells
White blood cells
The purpose of bone marrow studies is to determine if your bone marrow is functioning properly and its ability to make normal amounts of blood cells. In addition to diagnosing and monitoring bone marrow disorders and blood disorders, the tests can also be used to detect some types of cancer. Bone marrow studies in Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore is provided by Manipal Hospitals, visit today.
Two types of procedures are in bone marrow studies,
Bone marrow aspiration
Bone marrow biopsy
In most cases, both aspiration and biopsy are performed simultaneously.
When is a Bone Marrow Test Performed?
The purpose of bone marrow tests is to,
Diagnose problems with white blood cells, red blood cells, or platelets
Diagnose and monitor blood disorders like anaemia
Diagnose bone marrow disorders
Unexplained fevers may be caused by bone marrow infections.
Need for a Bone Marrow Test
A bone marrow aspiration or a bone marrow biopsy may be needed if other blood tests indicate you don't have enough red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets. You may have cancer if you have too few or too many blood cells. These tests can determine if cancer has spread to the bone marrow or if you are being treated for some other type of cancer. Bone marrow tests may also evaluate cancer treatment.
Bone Marrow Test Procedure
Marrow samples will be collected by a health care provider for testing. To relax, you may be given a mild sedative. If you need to sleep, you can also use stronger medicines. You can discuss your options with your doctor. The procedure starts with,
depending on which bone will be used to obtain samples, you will lie on your side or stomach.
A bone marrow sample is usually taken from the iliac crest at the back of the hip bone. Other bones may also be used. An antiseptic will be used to clean the area over the bone. A shot of medicine will be administered to numb the bone and the skin underneath. The area may sting a little.
The physician will insert a hollow needle into the numb area after making a small incision in your skin. The procedure requires you to lie very still,
The first step is usually to aspirate the bone marrow. The provider will insert a needle into the bone. Then, he/she will pull out the bone marrow cells and fluid with a syringe attached to the needle. There may be a brief, sharp pain. It only takes a few minutes to perform the aspiration.
A hollow biopsy needle is inserted through the same skin opening as the bone marrow biopsy. A small piece of bone marrow tissue will be removed by twisting the needle into the bone. A brief pain or pressure may be felt as the sample is taken.
Your skin will be bandaged after the test. It usually takes about 15 minutes for the bleeding to stop if you do not use medicine to relax or sleep. Once you feel better, you can resume your usual activities. You have to stay for some time in the hospital if you use some anaesthetic medicines, and it is advised to take rest the next day. Book an appointment with us today.