Pancreatic stones are hardened digestive juices and comprise deposited calcium carbonate crystalline lattice scattered within a gel-like matrix created from multiple fibrillar proteins and polysaccharides. They are crystallised from pancreatic enzymes and then stuck in the duct that leads from the pancreas to the small intestine. These stones block the pancreatic duct and cause pancreatitis.
The major symptoms of pancreatitis are vomiting, nausea and severe abdominal pain, which can come instantly and then can come often or permanently.
Pancreatic stones can be removed by surgery, endoscopy, or extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. Expert endoscopists perform endoscopic treatment and remove these stones. It can also be removed mechanically or by using electro-hydraulic energy. This minimally invasive procedure can reduce pain and avoid further surgery. Pancreatic Stones treatment in Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore is available at Manipal Hospitals, visit today.
A gallstone is a stone developed inside the gallbladder from the precipitated bile constituents. These bile components crystallise and are deposited in your gallbladder and form gallstones. The bile elements that develop gallstones are cholesterol, bile salts, and bilirubin. It varies in size from as tiny as a grain of sand to as large as a golf ball. For some people, it just develops only one gallstone, while for others, many gallstones develop at the same time.
Gallstones are classified into two types. They are,
Cholesterol gallstones: These are mainly formed from cholesterol.
Pigment gallstones: The gall stones that are formed mainly from bilirubin are called pigment gallstones.
Gallstone disease refers to the situation where gallstones are present in the gallbladder or in the bile duct, or in Pancreas. The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder is known as cholelithiasis. The appearance of gallstones in the bile duct is called choledocholithiasis. When these stones are present in Pancreas, the condition is referred to as pancreatitis.
Gallstones are usually asymptomatic. If it deposits in a duct and forms a blockage, the symptoms include,
Sudden and severe pain in the upper right part and in the centre of the abdomen
Back pain between the shoulder blades
Nausea or vomiting
Loss of appetite
The doctor will do a physical examination to confirm gallstones. It includes,
Ultrasound: It produces images of the abdomen. It helps to find out gallstones and pancreas inflammation.
Abdominal CT scan: It provides images of the liver and abdominal areas. It determines gallstones and pancreas inflammation.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): It determines abnormalities in the gallbladder, pancreas, and ducts.
Endoscopic ultrasound: It helps to find out inflammation and blockages in the pancreatic duct or bile duct.
Gallbladder radionuclide scan: In this process, the expert doctor injects a radioactive substance into the veins. It travels through the blood and reaches the liver and gallbladder. On a scan, it displays infection or blockage of the bile ducts because of gallstones.
Blood tests: These tests help to find out the amount of bilirubin in the blood.
Depending on the presence of the gallstones, the surgeons will suggest the following treatments to cure gallstone disease.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): It is used to treat the bile duct and pancreatic duct and to eliminate gallstones. Anaesthesia is used for this procedure. Book an appointment today for the best treatment procedures.
In this surgery, the surgeon will recommend removing the gallbladder, and this surgery is known as cholecystectomy.
Endoscopic procedures are performed to drain the fluid from the pancreas or to take out the damaged tissue.