The test called Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography or ERCP combines the use of an endoscope and X-rays. An endoscope is a flexible, lit tube with a camera attached to it.
In order to diagnose and treat conditions that affect the liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and bile ducts, gastroenterologists (medical professionals who specialise in gastrointestinal disorders) employ ERCP. Your liver produces a fluid called bile, which is then transported by bile ducts to your gallbladder, pancreas, and intestines, and food fat is broken down by bile. Book an appointment with us for the best treatment.
Why is the procedure performed?
Doctors perform ERCP to identify and treat issues of various types and use the method according to the requirement of the respective patients. Some of the instances when ERCP is performed are as follows,
Cancer, stones, and strictures of the bile ducts
Gallbladder problems, such as gallstones and cholecystitis (inflamed gallbladder).
Pancreatitis (inflamed, enlarged pancreas), pancreatic cancer, pancreatic cysts and pseudocysts are all conditions affecting the pancreas.
Preparation for ERCP
Follow your doctor's advice on how to prepare for the procedure. In general, there are a few general instructions which the patients are supposed to follow. These general instructions are,
Avoid eating, drinking, and smoking for at least six hours before the surgery. Clear liquids such as water may be acceptable.
Inform your doctor about any allergies, particularly previous responses to intravenous (IV) contrast dyes. If you've already experienced an allergic reaction, you may need to take allergy drugs prior to the treatment.
Provide your doctor's office with an up-to-date list of your prescriptions and supplements.
Consult your doctor about discontinuing blood-thinning drugs such as aspirin and warfarin.
Inform your doctor if you believe you are pregnant. Certain types of anaesthetics can be harmful to an unborn child. ERCP in Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore is available at Manipal Hospitals, visit today.
ERCP is typically performed as an outpatient procedure, which means you can go home the same day. The procedure can take between one and two hours. You will be given IV anaesthetic (medicine to calm you). You'll be awake during the procedure but not completely conscious. After that, you'll need to be driven home.
The procedures are well mentioned in the discipline and are followed in every instance. They are as follows,
An anaesthetic spray numbs your throat.
The physician inserts the endoscope into your mouth and directs it down your oesophagus and stomach to the upper portion of your small intestine (duodenum).
They then pump air through the endoscope into the stomach and duodenum to make the organs clearly visible.
Then a catheter is inserted, which is a separate tube, into the endoscope until it reaches the bile and pancreatic ducts.
A particular dye is injected through the catheter.
As the dye moves through the ducts, video gastrointestinal X-rays (fluoroscopy) are taken.
The physician also examines for symptoms of clogging or other issues.
Your doctor might use the endoscope to introduce microscopic devices for treatment like,
Stones are broken up and removed.
Stents are used to unblock clogged or constricted ducts.
Tumours or tissue samples are taken out for biopsy.