Crohn's is a complex problem noticed in the digestive system. Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It causes inflammation in the digestive tract and causes severe abdominal pain, diarrhoea, and fatigue. Although inflammation can affect different areas of the digestive tract in different people, it is common in the small intestine. The inflammation may also spread to a deeper level. Complex Crohn's is painful, and sometimes it becomes life-threatening. Although Crohn's disease may occur at any stage, it is common among people in their late teens or twenties.
The treatment procedure can be done by recommending either medicine or surgery. In case of a lack of improvement in the symptoms of Crohn's disease, you may have to undergo surgery.
Treatment with Medicines
The doctor will prescribe you medicine based on the symptoms. Some medicines prescribed by the doctor are Aminosalicylates, Corticosteroids, Immunomodulators, and biological therapies.
Aminosalicylates - It contains five aminosalicylic acids, which help to reduce inflammation. Doctors prescribe this medicine to people with mild symptoms.
Corticosteroids - It is a type of steroid which helps to control inflammation by reducing the activity of the immune system. People with moderate to severe symptoms have been prescribed this medicine.
Immunomodulators - Immunomodulators help to reduce the activity in the immune system and help to protect your digestive tract against inflammation.
Biologic Therapies - These medicines help to neutralise proteins produced by the immune system. Biologic therapies work better when you are non-responsive to other medicine.
Treatment by Surgery
Even after taking medicines, many people have to undergo surgery. It has been reported that 60 per cent of those with Crohn's disease had to undergo surgery. Surgery can improve symptoms and reduce complications. Complex Crohn's treatment in Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore is available at Manipal Hospitals.
There are different types of surgeries to treat Complex Crohn's disease.
Small Bowel Resection
This surgery is conducted to remove a part of your small intestine. In case of severe issues associated with Chrome disease in the small intestine, your surgeon must remove a part of your small intestine.
This surgery is done by applying two procedures. These are,
In this process, a surgeon makes small incisions in your abdomen. The surgeon inserts a laparoscope through that incision and views the small intestine on a video monitor. While monitoring your small intestine in the video monitor, the surgeon will insert tools and remove the diseased part of the small intestine.
Open Surgery - Open surgery is conducted by making 6 inches long incisions in your abdomen. After that, the surgeon will remove the diseased part of the small intestine.
Proctocolectomy and Ileostomy
With the help of this surgery, the entire column or rectum is removed. An ileostomy is an opening of an abdomen. The surgeon opened the abdomen to bring the ileum and attached it to the skin.
An ileostomy is connected to an ostomy to collect stool outside your body.
Different treatments for different conditions of Crohn's
You have recommendations of different treatments for different conditions of Crohn's. Some of these conditions and treatments have been mentioned below:
The type of treatments will depend on the type of fistulas you have. Some people may recover with proper diet and medicines. But some others may have to undergo surgery.
Doctors often recommend surgery to treat intestinal obstruction. A complete obstruction may threaten your life.
Medicines, ointment, and a warm bath are recommended for most types of anal fissures.
You may be at risk of having Crohn's due to many reasons. One of these reasons is family history. Some other factors that may cause Crohn's disease are smoking cigarettes, age, environment, lifestyle, consumption of some anti-inflammatory medications, etc. Book an appointment at our multi-specialty hospital today.