The mucosa that lines the anus has a small tear known as an anal fissure. During bowel movements, you may pass hard or large stools, resulting in an anal fissure. Fissures in the anal region are usually associated with pain and bleeding during bowel movements. Your anal sphincter (anus) may also spasm during an attack.
Infants are prone to anal fissures, although they can affect anyone of any age. A sitz bath or an increase in fiber intake can help heal anal fissures most of the time. Medication or surgery may be needed in some cases of anal fissures.
Anal fissures are characterised by the following signs and symptoms,
During bowel movements, there is sometimes severe pain
Pain that lasts for several hours after a bowel movement
When bowel movements are followed by bright red blood on the stool or toilet paper
It is visible around the anus that there is a crack in the skin
In the vicinity of the anal fissure, a small lump or skin tag can be found
Anal fissures may develop as a result of the following factors,
Having constipation. When passing hard stools or straining during bowel movements, you are more likely to tear your intestines.
A child's birth. Women with anal fissures are more likely to have them after giving birth.
Crohn's disease. The anal canal lining may be more prone to tears due to chronic inflammation in this inflammatory bowel disease.
Age. Infants and middle-aged adults are more prone to anal fissures, but they can occur at any age.
If you consume more fiber and fluids, your anal fissures will typically heal within a few weeks. Warm water can relieve sphincter spasms and promote healing by relaxing the sphincter and relaxing the intestines. Manipal Hospitals is providing Anal Fistula treatment in Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore, visit today.
Your symptoms may require further treatment if they persist.
Why is the procedure performed?
There are several complications associated with anal fissures which might require surgery, including,
Healing failure. In the case of chronic anal fissures, further treatment is required if they don't heal within eight weeks.
A recurring problem. The likelihood of experiencing another anal fissure increases once you've had one.
Muscles surrounding the tear are torn. It may be more difficult for you to heal your anal fissure if the wound extends into the muscle ring that holds the anus closed (internal anal sphincter). The pain caused by an unhealed fissure can be relieved with medications or by surgery, while the fissure needs to be repaired or removed.
Anal fissures or severe symptoms may require surgery if other treatments are ineffective. The lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS) procedure reduces spasms and pain and promotes healing by removing a small portion of the anal sphincter muscle. Book an appointment today at our top gastro hospital in Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore.
There is no medical treatment that is more effective for chronic fissures than surgery. Surgery, however, may cause incontinence in a small percentage of patients.