Metabolic Bone Disorders like Osteoporosis and Osteomalacia

Endocrinology Hospital in Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore

Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disorder that causes a thinning of the bones of the body. It may occur in men and women. Gradual bone loss occurs over a period of time that causes fractures in the body. The major cause of the disease is malabsorption or lack of calcium in the diet. Other minerals like phosphorus and other nutrients like vitamin D also affect the osteoporosis condition in these individuals. 

The symptoms of osteoporosis include the following.

  • Bent posture

  • Repeated fractures of some bones in the body

  • Decreasing height gradually

  • Pain in the back from a collapsed vertebra or a fractured bone

The treatment of osteoporosis may be done with medications in the following manner.

  • Calcitonin benefits the patient in recovery after a fracture and also prevents the possibility of a spinal fracture in women who have undergone menopause. 

  • Monoclonal antibodies are immune-based therapies that decrease the incidence of osteoporosis. 

  • Parathyroid hormone helps in the formation of bones.

  • Estrogen agonists also help in decreasing spinal fractures in women suffering from osteoporosis.

Osteomalacia refers to softening of the bones and causes them to easily break. The lack of minerals in the body causes the bones to become brittle. It mostly develops due to the lack of vitamin D in the body or sometimes from a kidney disorder. Visit Manipal Hospitals, the best diabetes and endocrinology hospital in Bangalore for treatment.

Symptoms of osteomalacia include pain in the bones, muscle weakness, and frequent fractures. Diagnosis of osteomalacia is done by X-rays, blood tests to determine the levels of vitamin D and a mineral density scan of the bones for measuring the levels of minerals within the bones.

Treatment of osteomalacia is done by replenishing the vitamin D levels of the body along with boosts of minerals like calcium, phosphorus, etc. Patients with malabsorption problems will need higher booster shots of the minerals and vitamin D. Bone surgeries to correct deformities in the bones are also done in severe conditions. Some patients may need to wear braces to minimize fractures in the exact locations of the body. Lots of exposure to sunlight is another remedy for osteomalacia. Book an appointment at Manipal Hospitals today.

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