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Robotic Valve Replacement Surgery

Robotic Valve Replacement Surgery In Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore

Robotically assisted mitral valve surgery involves a laparoscopic, closed-chest approach that operates on the mitral valve and is carried out by a cardiac surgeon.

Within your heart, there are four valves, and they are the tricuspid, aortic, pulmonic, and mitral valves. Between the left atrium and the left ventricle is where the mitral valve is located. Manipal Hospitals is providing Robotic Valve Replacement Surgery In Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore, visit today.

What is valvulopathy?

When the valves in your heart do not function properly, it results in valve disease. Any disease affecting the valve is known as valvulopathy, which may be caused by valve regurgitation (rigid, combined, inflexible leaflets that restrict blood flow) or valve stenosis (leaky heart valve when the leaflets do not close entirely). 

Why is the procedure performed?

The mitral valve must be repaired or replaced if it is not functioning properly. You may need mitral valve surgery because of,

  • Severe regurgitation (your valve is very leaky).

  • There are symptoms from the regurgitation.

  • Insufficient blood is pumped into your body from your left ventricle (left-sided heart failure).

  • Your heart has become bigger.

Procedure

Smaller incisions are made during robotically assisted valve surgery. In order to circulate oxygenated blood during surgery, traditional open-chest procedures like mitral and tricuspid valve surgery and bypass surgery require the following steps: putting the patient on a heart-lung bypass machine; making a 6 - 8 inch cut through the breastbone; spreading the ribs to view the heart, and stopping the heart to stabilise the blood vessels.

The incision is often only 3 - 4 inches long for minimally invasive procedures, and even smaller openings are used with the minimally invasive robotically assisted procedure. The surgeon's hands move and position the endoscopic instruments to perform the surgery and open the pericardium. Most of the time, performing the surgery does not need opening the sternum or breastbone or spreading the ribs.

The surgeon uses a powerful camera during mitral valve surgery to provide an undistorted 3D picture of the mitral valve, leaflets, subvalvular structures, lateral thoracic approach, etc. The robotic surgical system controls instruments attached to lean robotic arms, and the instruments are moved and positioned by the surgeon's hands. The surgeon may perform standard mitral valve surgery, including a range of repair methods and mitral valve replacement, using robotic "arm and wrist" movements that resemble the surgeon's hand.

Only about 3 to 4 hours are spent performing the surgery. You may spend 5 to 6 hours in the operating room due to the preparation time required for the surgery and the initial recovery period. Most of the time, a patient is only on the heart-lung machine for a maximum of two hours. Book an appointment today to know more about the treatment.

Advantages of the procedure

The advantages of robotically assisted surgery over conventional surgery include,

  • fewer, smaller incisions, and less scarring

  • Less discomfort and less trauma for the patient

  • less stay in the hospital 

  • reduction in the use of painkillers

  • reduced bleeding

  • reduced danger of infection

  • shorter recuperation time and faster return to regular activities

After procedure

There are no activity limits following robotically assisted surgery; patients can return to normal work and activities as soon as they feel ready.

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