In this surgical procedure, a small incision is made in your heart's left side so that the surgeon can repair or replace the mitral valve. After leaving the lungs, blood enters the left atrium, the heart's pumping chamber, and the left ventricle, the heart's final pumping chamber, receives the blood next. The mitral valve separates these two chambers and guarantees that blood continues to flow throughout the body via the heart.
Through a number of tiny cuts, minimally encroaching mitral valve surgery is performed. A wider cut is needed for open mitral valve surgery, another form of procedure.
Why is the procedure performed?
This treatment procedure may be required because of,
A toughened mitral valve (calcified) - Blood cannot pass via a calcified valve forward due to this condition.
Overly loose mitral valve - When this happens, blood usually flows backward.
The patient will be given general anaesthesia before the procedure, and they will be unconscious throughout the procedure. The procedure for minimal access mitral valve surgery can be done in a variety of methods. Visit Manipal Hospitals for Endoscopic Valve Repair/ Replacement Surgery In Yeshwanthpur, Bangalore.
The right side of your chest, close to the sternum, may receive a 2 to 3-inch cut by the heart surgeon. The local muscles will be split. In doing so, the surgeon can access the heart. A tiny cut is made on the left side of your heart to repair or replace the mitral valve,
In endoscopic surgery, your doctor makes one to four tiny chest incisions. Through the cuts, surgery is performed with the aid of a camera and specialised instruments. Your chest is cut in two to four small places by the surgeon during mechanically assisted valve surgery. Each cut measures roughly 1.5 to 2 cm (1.5 to .75 inches). Robotic surgery is managed by the surgeon using a specialised computer. In the operating area, a computer screen displays a 3D image of the heart and mitral valve.
For these kinds of surgeries, a CPB pump is required. Small incisions in the groyne or on the chest will be used to attach you to the gadget.
Your surgeon will fix your mitral valve, which could lead to,
Ring annuloplasty – The valve is tightened by the surgeon stitching a ring made of metal, fabric, or tissue around it.
Valve repair - Valve repair entails one or both of the flaps that open and close the valve being trimmed, shaped, or rebuilt by the surgeon.
If your mitral valve has sustained too much damage, you will require a new valve. It's referred to as replacement surgery. The surgeon may replace your mitral valve with a new one after removing some or all of the existing one.
Mechanical: The valve is constructed of synthetic materials like titanium and carbon. These valves are the most durable. For the rest of your life, you will require blood-thinning medications like warfarin (Coumadin). Book an appointment to know more about the treatment procedures.
Biological: The valve is made from animal or human tissue, biological. However, you won't likely need to take blood thinners for the rest of your life because these valves last 10 to 15 years or longer.