Dr. Shivanada Pai

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Reviewed by

Dr. Shivanada Pai

Consultant - Neurology

Manipal Hospitals, Mangaluru

Things You Can Do To Prevent A Stroke

Reviewed by:

Dr. Shivanada Pai

Posted On: Jun 24, 2020

blogs read 3 Min Read

best neuro hospital in Mangalore

How does a stroke occur?

A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked or ruptures which causes the death of brain cells and leads to a stroke.

What are the types of stroke?

There are 5 types of stroke:

1. Ischemic stroke:

It occurs when a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain is blocked by a clot. 

2. Hemorrhagic stroke

It occurs when a weakened blood vessel ruptures or gets blocked. The two blood vessels that are usually responsible for stroke are aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs).

3. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

It is also called a “mini-stroke” caused by a serious temporary clot. This attack is a warning stroke and should be taken seriously.

4. Cryptogenic Stroke

A stroke with an unknown cause is called a cryptogenic stroke.

5. Brain Stem Stroke

A brain stem stroke can affect both sides of the body and may leave someone in a ‘locked-in’ state. In this state, the patient is generally unable to speak or move below the neck.

What are the Symptoms of a Stroke?

The following are the most common symptoms of a stroke:

  • Numbness of the face, arm, or leg on the side of the body

  • Loss of vision in one or both eyes

  • Loss of speech, difficulty in talking

  • Sudden, severe headache with no known cause

  • Loss of balance or unstable walking

What should one do if they experience stroke symptoms?

Call 911 immediately or contact the hospital near you if you experience symptoms of a stroke. immediate treatment can save your life and also increase the chances of a full and fast recovery. Visit Manipal, the best neuro hospital in Mangalore for immediate care.

How do you prevent a stroke?

Stroke is becoming the leading cause of disability, after a road traffic accident in our country. Every year about 2 billion people develop strokes which produce serious morbidity in affects their activity of daily living. So it is very important to prevent such a disease so that after-effects are stopped.

Steps involved in the Prevention of stroke

a) Primordial prevention

Adopting a healthy lifestyle, i.e., regular exercise, good food habits i.e., food containing less salt, food containing less amount cholesterol. Avoid smoking, and maintain adequate/correct body weight and body mass index.

b) Primary Prevention

This step is employed by the people who have risk factors for the disease.

  1. Diabetes & Hypertension: All patients should have their blood sugar adequately controlled,

  2. Blood pressure needs to be monitored and maintained at the appropriate level because high blood pressure can produce brain haemorrhage and thrombotic stroke.

  3. People who are having heart problems especially those related to valvular problems and heart failure i.e. with low pumping functions should be started on blood thinning agents (Anticoagulants) because they can prevent the clot which is formed in the heart from reaching the brain.

  4. Persons who have a family history of brain hemorrhage should get themselves screened with a CT scan brain with a CT angiogram of intracranial vessels. To Rule out aneurysms of the vessels and A.V. malformations of vessels. (Artero veneer)

  5. People who have a strong family history of Ischemic stroke should undergo screening for diabetes and hypertension, also patients should undergo Doppler, the scan of neck vessels to look for blocks in the main vessels supplying the brain (i.e. carotid & vertebral arteries).

  6. People who are having altered lipid levels should get their lipids checked every 3 months & adequate medication. To reduce both cholesterol and triglycerides to less than recommended for a particular problem as advised by their neurophysician.

c) Secondary prevention

Just before the large storm in the ocean, few high tides are seen. Similarly if the patient gets Premonitory symptoms in the form of TIA (transient Ischaemic attack) they should take these warning symptoms of stroke, they should immediately consult the best neurologist in Mangalore and get an evaluation with brain imaging and scanning of heart and neck vessels.

So by modalities of primordial, primary, and secondary prevention, God has given us several opportunities to Intervene Before the development of stroke. So it is up to us to take the necessary measures to prevent stroke and reduce productivity, burden, and disability to the community.

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