What is Urology?
Urology is the medical field that studies the urinary tract and reproductive system. Urologists diagnose and treat conditions related to these body parts, including diseases like kidney stones, prostate cancer, erectile dysfunction and kidney ailments.
The female reproductive system is a function of organs that produces and releases an egg, provide a place for the fertilised egg to grow, nourish the foetus during pregnancy, and allow for sexual intercourse and menstrual flow.
The ovaries are a gland pair in which eggs form. The fallopian tubes enable the transfer of eggs to the uterus, where fertilisation occurs. The cervix allows fluids into the uterus through a small opening at its bottom. The vagina allows sexual intercourse and channels menstrual flow; it also helps keep germs out by keeping its opening closed, except when needed. The labia majora are skin folds that protect the vaginal opening from dryness and infections; they also help keep it closed unless there is another reason for it to open up (like during sexual activity). The labia minora are smaller folds surrounding the vaginal opening and help keep germs out. To know more visit our multi-speciality hospital in Kharadi Pune.
The male reproductive system has a penis, scrotum, prostate gland, testicles and seminal vesicles. The primary function of the male reproductive system is to produce sperm and deliver it to a female during intercourse.
Testes produce sperm and stay inside the scrotum; this organ also acts as a protective sheath for the testicles.
Manipal Hospitals has the best urologist in Kharadi, Pune, to help patients overcome urology problems, including:
Pediatric Urology Conditions
Cancer- Prostate, Bladder and Kidney
Urinary Continence (Male and Female)
UTI (Urinary Tract Infections)
Pain in Bladder
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Congenital Urinary Tract Defects
Uroflowmetry is an assessment of the bladder to empty the urine effectively. It measures the urine flow rate using a small catheter in the urethra, the tube that passes urine, by measuring the time it takes to pass the urethra. Uroflowmetry is a critical part of most urine analyses.
Percutaneous Endoscopic Necrosectomy (PEN) is a minimally invasive procedure that uses an endoscope to remove necrotic or damaged tissue from the abdominal cavity. This procedure is helpful in situations where there may be fluid accumulation in the body cavity and needs to be drained or removed.
Surgeons insert an endoscope-assisted device through a percutaneous route through the skin. A stent may support the device for easy access to the abdominal cavity.
PEN is beneficial and safe for conventional surgical procedures with minimal invasion. It can provide surgeons with valuable information about the severity of disease, tissue damage, and fluid accumulation inside the body cavity.
Cystoscopy is a procedure that uses a thin tube (called a cystoscope) to look inside the bladder and urethra. Cystoscopy diagnoses problems in these areas, such as bladder stones or cancer.
A biopsy is a procedure used to obtain tissue samples for laboratory analysis. A biopsy investigates abnormal or suspicious areas for being cancerous.
An incisional biopsy removes tissue using a small incision in the skin. An excisional biopsy removes a larger skin area with a scalpel or surgical knife. The Needle aspiration biopsy withdraws the fluid from a suspicious site using a needle, and an Endoscopic biopsy removes a suspicious tissue through a thin tube inserted through the mouth, nose, or rectum.
Biopsy identifies diseases like kidney stones and cancers.
Penile prosthesis treats impotence or erectile dysfunction in men by inserting a pump into the penis. The pump enables an erection enabling intercourse and transfer of sperm to a female.
Urethroplasty is a reconstructive procedure that repairs the urethra, the tube that exits urine from the bladder. Urethroplasty can treat an infection or other damage to the urethra or a congenital disability in which the urethra is too narrow or malformed.
Lithotripsy breaks up kidney and gallstone stones using shock waves. It treats moderate to severe kidney stone problems using a device called lithotriptor, which is placed on the skin in contact with the stone to break it into small pieces and allow it to pass through the ureter. To know more about Lithotripsy treatment in Kharadi, Pune, visit Manipal Hospitals.
Endourology is the urology branch that deals with the urinary tract, which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Endourology specialists perform various procedures on this system, including removal of kidney stones, catheterisation of the ureters or bladder, diversion of urine flow from one side to another, and surgical procedures for urinary incontinence.
Reconstructive urology is a speciality of urology that treats injuries and disorders of the urinary tract. The speciality focuses on repairing, reconstructing, or replacing damaged or diseased parts of the urinary tract. Reconstructive urology also includes the anatomy and function of these specific organs and the surgical techniques used to treat them.
A team of specialists with expertise in surgery and urology performs Reconstructive urology to treat birth disabilities and injuries or correct adverse effects of surgery.
Laparoscopic urology is a type of surgery in which a surgeon performs the procedure through small incisions in the patient's abdomen rather than an open incision. This surgery treats bladder, kidney stones, or prostate cancer. It allows doctors to perform surgery with minimal scarring and recovery time.
Robotic Urology offers precise surgery and other procedures using the help of robots to assist a urologist or a surgeon. It benefits patients with pre-existing urological conditions who need highly accurate treatments.
Cystectomy surgery removes all or part of the bladder. The surgeon makes an incision in the abdomen or performs laparoscopic surgery, using small incisions and a camera to remove the bladder.
A partial cystectomy removes a part of the bladder. In contrast, a radical cystectomy removes the entire bladder to treat tumours that have spread beyond the bladder.
Penectomy is the surgical removal of the penis. The procedure treats cancer or trauma and is an effective treatment for prostate cancer.
Penectomy also helps in gender reassignment surgery for individuals who wish to change their sex from male to female.
Radical orchiectomy is a procedure to remove the testicles to treat certain types of cancer, including prostate and testicular cancers. The surgeon performs an incision in the scrotum to remove the testicles.
Radical orchiectomy is an effective treatment option for early-stage and advanced prostate and testicular cancer.
Prostate surgery removes or repairs the prostate gland. A male reproductive organ, the prostate, produces semen and helps pass urine. Prostate surgery can treat cancer, urinary problems, or Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH). To know more about prostate cancer treatment in Kharadi, Pune, visit Manipal Hospitals.
Prostate surgery may involve
removing the entire prostate gland (radical prostatectomy),
removing part of the prostate gland (partial prostatectomy), or
inserting an implant into the prostate gland to treat BPH.
We also offer TRUS Biopsy and Robotic-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy for prostate cancer treatments.
- Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy involves removing a kidney stone through a small incision in the back using minimally invasive surgery. A guide wire is inserted through the urethra and into the bladder, allowing the stone removal without having to open up the abdomen.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy also treats PCNL renal and upper urinary tract stones.
- Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS)
Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS) treats kidney stones that involve the removal of the stone through a minimal approach rather than transurethrally (inserting a surgical instrument through the urethra). RIRS treats small stones that traditional methods fail to remove, as well as stones located in the upper pole or tail of the kidney.
RIRS allows for easier visualisation of both sides of the kidney during surgery, preventing injury to surrounding organs and reducing complications. The procedure is less invasive than traditional approaches.
Ureteroscopy (URS) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which a catheter is inserted into the ureter to remove stones or tumours. The catheter guides a camera into the ureter and bladder to allow for visualisation and removal of obstructions. It also helps to treat kidneys for urine build-up.
Renal transplants involve the removal of a patient's damaged or cancerous kidney, followed by the placement of a healthy kidney from a donor. The donor is often a deceased person but can also be a living person who consents to have one of their kidneys removed and transplanted into another person.
Renal transplants treat patients with renal failure, a condition in which the kidneys have lost their ability to function correctly.
The Best Urology Hospital in Kharadi, Pune, offers renal transplants using Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy, Robotic Recipient surgery and Pediatric Kidney Transplants, Preemptive Kidney Transplants, Highly Antigenic Kidney Transplant Surgery, Re-Transplant and Transplantation in HIV Positive patients, and ABO-incompatible kidney transplants.