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Treatment of various neuro-muscular diseases

Treatment of various neuro-muscular diseases
The human mind is an intricate web of emotions, thoughts and behaviours. Similarly, the brain operates through electric signals that influence our actions. This intriguing combination is what our immensely talented neurologists and neuropsychologists at Manipal Hospitals handle on a daily basis.

Dementia
This is a syndrome where there is deterioration in memory, thinking, behaviour and the ability to perform everyday activities. It also affects their language skills and problem-solving ability. Although dementia chiefly affects older people, it is not considered a normal process of ageing. 

Why choose Manipal Hospital
At Manipal Hospital our high definition MRI scans detect specific abnormalities in the brain functions. Vascular dementia, which occurs because of microscopic bleeding and blood vessel blockage in the brain, is the second most common cause of dementia.
Our multidisciplinary team of neurologists, neuropsychologists and medical counsellors diagnose and individualise the best line of treatment for each patient given the different types of dementia in different patients. In the case of most progressive dementias, including Alzheimer's disease, there is no cure and no treatment that slows or stops its progression. However, medications may temporarily improve symptoms. 

Epilepsy
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness. Anyone can develop epilepsy. You are diagnosed with epilepsy if you have one or two unprovoked that were not caused by some known and reversible medical condition like alcohol withdrawal or extremely low blood sugar. Sometimes, the epileptic seizures may be related to a brain injury or a family history of it. 

Why choose Manipal Hospital
Depending on the type and intensity of the epileptic seizures, our expert neurologists plan the medications consisting mostly of anti-epileptic drugs. 
Where medications are not effective in controlling epilepsy, surgery is the best option provided seizures always originate in a single location in the brain and does not impact critical functions like language, sensation, or movement. 

Solutions for epilepsy
Our team of neurologists and neurosurgeons brainstorm on the most effective surgery which involves the removal of the portion of the brain that causes seizures, disruption of the nerve pathways that seizure impulses take through your brain, and implanting of a device to treat epilepsy.

Complexities of epilepsy surgery
The potential risks of this type of surgery include problems with memory, a partial loss of sight, depression or other mood problems. These risks will vary from person to person, and may be only temporary in some cases. In fact, in some, memory and mood could improve after epilepsy surgery.

Number of cases
Backed by our diagnostic accuracy and the skill of our neurologists and neurosurgeons we have successfully treated more than 5 lakh epilepsy patients.

Infection control protocol
The brain is the most delicate organ and an open surgery such as the one in epilepsy deserves its fair share of care and protection. This is where our superior quaternary care expertise and stringent infection control norms make an impact on the recovery of our patients.

Movement disorders
Mobility is not always an orthopaedic condition. The brain controls our movements and any anomaly in the brain functions can affect the ability to move.

Why choose Manipal Hospital
Our dedicated and specialised neuro sciences team are adept at diagnosing and symptomatically treating various movement disorders. The scope of their expertise encompasses the gamut of movement disorders,  including Ataxia which affects the cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls coordinated movement, Cervical dystonia which cause your head to uncontrollably tilt forward or backward, Chorea which causes the quick movements of the feet or hands similar to dancing, Huttington's disease, a fatal genetic disorder that causes the progressive breakdown of nerve cells in the brain, Parkinson’s syndrome, and Myoclonus, a quick involuntary muscle jerk. 
Sleep disorders
Sleep is essential rest for our brain which is active throughout the day. Sleep deprivation can cause a whole lot of neurological disturbances and also be life threatening. Some of the common sleep disorders that need medical guidance and attention include Insomnia, Sleep Apnea,  Restless leg Syndrome, REM Sleep Behavior Disorder, Narcolepsy, Sleepwalking, Sleep Terrors, and Bruxism (Teeth Grinding)

Why choose Manipal Hospital
Understanding the health significance of sleep on our life, we have a dedicated Sleep Clinic appointed with trained neuropsychologists and medical counsellors to alleviate sleep disorders. They put you through a few tests such as polysomnography: a sleep study that evaluates oxygen levels, body movements, and brain waves to determine how they disrupt sleep; EEG; genetic blood test to diagnose narcolepsy and other underlying health conditions that might be causing sleeping problems.

Headache
Most of us would have had a headache at some time or the other without causing any serious impact. However, there are different types of headaches that are not always caused by traffic jams or noise pollution. Headaches that are accompanied by fever, stiff neck, confusion, decreased alertness or memory, or neurological symptoms such as visual disturbances, slurred speech, weakness, numbness, or seizures need attention.

Why choose Manipal Hospital
At Manipal Hospitals, we take a headache seriously. Especially if we suspect some underlying neurological cause. Our neurosciences team will put you through a few tests that include blood tests, Xrays and an MRI or CT scan to determine the cause. Some of the rare yet dangerous headaches we discover and treat with utmost care include Ice Pick Headaches, Spinal Headaches following a spinal tap, and Thunderclap Headaches caused by Blood vessel tear, rupture, or blockage, Head injury, Hemorrhagic stroke from a ruptured blood vessel in your brain, Ischemic stroke from a blocked blood vessel in your brain, etc. 

Multiple sclerosis
This is a chronic auto immune disease that affects the central nervous system, especially the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves, leading to a several symptoms throughout the body. It causes the inflammation of the myelin sheath that surrounds and protects the nerve fibers which transmit electric signals, leading to scarring on damage of the sheath. They mainly affect the brain stem, the cerebellum, which coordinates movement and controls balance, the spinal cord, the optic nerves and white matter in some regions of the brain. 

Why choose Manipal Hospital
Our Centre of Excellence in Neurosciences boasts of some of the world’s leading neurologists with the global experience and extensive expertise in diagnosing, staging and treating the gamut of neurological disorders including the complex multiple sclerosis disease. There is no cure for MS, but we ensure effective treatment that can slow the progression and reduce the number and severity of relapses, and relieve symptoms. 

Active Neuro Rehabilitation programme
Neurological rehabilitation involves strategies to improve function, reduce symptoms and improve the wellbeing of people with diseases, trauma or disorders of the nervous system that include brain and spinal cord injury.

Why choose Manipal Hospital
Manipal Hospitals takes pride in the fact that we are the frontrunners in the domain of specialised neurological services. Our Acute Neuro Rehabilitation Programme has been exclusively designed to help patients lead a near normal life. Our range of rehabilitation facilities and services are painstakingly planned by our neuro experts comprised of neuro physio therapists who specialize in the evaluation and treatment of individuals with movement problems due to disease or injury of the nervous system. They help improve or restore mobility to get you moving.  
 

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