Higher lifetime exposure to estrogen is the major cause of breast cancer. For example, if your period started at a younger age or you go through menopause at a later age, then this increases the risk of breast cancer.
The risk factors for having breast cancer include:
A family history of breast cancer
Beginning menopause at an older age
Having a child at an older age - Having a child after the age of 30, increases the chances of breast cancer by 30%
Having never been pregnant
Postmenopausal hormone therapy
Manipal Hospital is the best hospital for surgical treatment of breast cancer in Goa. Early detection of breast cancer plays a very important role in treating it. If the cancer is detected at the early stage (Stage I and Stage II) then surgery is not required and it can be cured completely. Our best breast cancer surgeons are experts in treating early-stage breast cancer through chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and hormone therapy.
If the cancer is not spread in the whole breast then our breast cancer doctors are experts in performing partial mastectomy in which only the part of the breast that has cancer is removed.
Early detection of cancer can help in successful treatment with breast preservation.
Breasts may lose tissue and fat and they may become smaller and feel lumpy. Most of these changes are not cancerous, they are called benign changes and these often turn out to be breast cysts (benign fluid-filled sacs). However, breast cancer is the main concern in this age group.
You can reduce the risk of breast cancer by:
Control your weight
The limit dose of hormone therapy
Avoid exposure to radiation
Breastfeeding - Try to breastfeed upto 2 years if possible
Eat green vegetables as much as possible
Avoid junk food
The fertility rate in Goa is 1.7 which mean around 25% of the couples will not have children irrespective of they wanted or not.