Dr. Elakya

Consultant - Pulmonology

Book Appointment

Subscribe to our blogs

Reviewed by

Dr. Elakya

Consultant - Pulmonology

Manipal Hospitals, Salem

Asthma Awareness: 9 Essential Facts to Know

Reviewed by:

Dr. Elakya

Posted On: May 31, 2024

blogs read 4 Min Read

Essential Facts About Asthma Symptoms, Triggers, and Treatment

Asthma, a noncommunicable disease (NCD), affects both children and adults. It is known for its persistent symptoms of wheezing and coughing. Symptoms might appear anywhere, at any moment. Although it is difficult to understand the underlying cause behind asthma, genetic and environmental factors are said to be responsible. Read on for more information on what causes asthma,  asthma triggers, and asthma disease treatment.


Facts About Asthma You Should Know

Asthma is a chronic condition impacting the lungs and respiratory passages, characterized by inflamed airways filled with mucus, potentially leading to constriction or dilation discomfort. Here are 8 insights for you about asthma and its treatment:

  1. Asthma can affect individuals of any age, with obesity and familial asthma history increasing susceptibility. Genetic factors also contribute significantly.

  2. Childhood asthma can continue into adulthood, but you can manage the symptoms even though there is no complete cure. Children might have on-and-off symptoms, while adults often deal with them more regularly.

  3. Just as you get used to the wheezing and breathlessness from asthma, suddenly, those signs vanish, and instead, there is a persistent cough. The truth is that symptoms can vary. They might improve, worsen, or change entirely. 

  4. Boys are more likely to develop asthma during childhood compared to girls, with studies showing they have double the chance, as seen in positive allergy and bronchial responsiveness tests.

  5. Asthmatic attacks can be triggered by allergens, exercise, smoke, and pollution. The airways become irritated and inflamed, which increases their sensitivity to other allergens. Among triggers, cigarette smoke is a significant trigger for asthma. Thus, if you’re a smoker, consider quitting smoking immediately. Non-smokers should avoid its exposure, especially children who are more susceptible to second-hand smoke.

  6. During the winter, bronchial asthma symptoms intensify due to the freezing temperature outside, indoor heating systems, and closed windows. The chilly air and low humidity worsen respiratory conditions and exacerbate inflammation. Also, heating systems can blow dust, mould, or pet dander into the air and trigger asthma symptoms of wheezing. 

  7. Obese children are more likely to get asthma. The risk increases directly with body mass. Furthermore, overweight children with asthma may require higher inhaler use. Researchers state it is related to inflammation induced by body fat or extra weight on the child's chest. 

  8. Treating an asthma attack quickly is important. If an asthma attack is untreated, it can be deadly. It is important to clean your surroundings and take asthma medications prescribed by your pulmonologist in Salem to avoid serious complications. Inhaled corticosteroids can reduce inflammation in the airways. Bronchodilators help to open up the airways by relaxing the muscles around them. Allergen-specific immunotherapy is also used in asthma disease treatment in some cases.

  9. Lifestyle modifications can help manage and control asthma symptoms. These include - avoiding common triggers of asthma, exercising regularly, adequate sun exposure, and maintaining a healthy diet.

It is critical to have the right knowledge about asthma and treatment, as misconceptions might hinder patients from receiving efficacious treatment. Your doctor will prescribe a suitable treatment plan based on age, the severity of the condition, and the body’s response to specific medications. Always remember that it is best to avoid your known triggers to prevent asthma attacks. Keep your asthma medications (if any) close by and head to the nearest hospital if symptoms persist.


Some common asthma triggers include:

  1. Cold or the flu

  2. Allergens, such as dust mites, pets or pollen

  3. Exercise in cold weather

  4. Irritants like air pollution or cigarette smoke

  5. Weather changes, like cold spells

  6. Pressure on the chest

  7. Food additives or allergens

  8. Some medications

If you are taking asthma medications, you need to know:

  • The type of medication you're using

  • How to take your medication correctly

  • How it helps control your asthma

  • Any potential side effects

For Dust Mites

  • Use good-quality pillows and mattresses

  • Wash bedding in hot water

  • Opt for washable curtains or plain window shades

  • Clean surfaces frequently with a damp cloth

  • Keep clutter under control and store toys and books in closed spaces

  • Use washable stuffed toys instead of traditional ones

  • Store clothing in closed drawers and closets

  • Use filters on air ducts and change them regularly

  • Maintain indoor humidity below 50%

For Mold and Mildew

  • Use air conditioners to reduce humidity.

  • Clean bathrooms often with mold-killing products and use exhaust fans.

  • Avoid carpeting in bathrooms.

  • Keep indoor plants out of bedrooms.

  • Use mold-inhibitor paint when painting.

  • Avoid outdoor mould sources like wet le

Share this article on:

Subscribe to our blogs

Thank You Image

Thank you for subscribing to our blogs.
You will be notified when we upload a new blog