Joint Replacement (Knee / Hip) Arthroplasty

Orthopaedics hospital in Mysore

Joint Replacement (Knee/Hip) Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure to replace a damaged joint with an artificial one. The most common reason for this surgery is arthritis, which often causes pain and difficulty with joint movement. 

The success of the surgery is usually excellent, and most patients can return to their normal activities. However, there is a risk of complications such as infection and blood clots. 


Pre-procedure for joint replacement arthroplasty (knee or hip) is a process that prepares the patient for the actual surgery. This includes a physical examination and tests, such as x-rays and blood tests, to evaluate the patient’s overall health. The doctor at ortho hospital in Mysore will also ask about the patient’s medical history, including any significant illnesses or surgeries and any medications the patient is taking.

The patient will be advised to stop taking certain medications and supplements before the surgery, as these can affect the procedure's outcome. For example, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can increase the risk of bleeding. The patient will also be instructed to stop smoking and drinking alcohol, as these can increase the risk of complications.

The patient should also be aware of the risks associated with surgery, such as infection, blood clots, and nerve damage. In some cases, the patient may need to make lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and increasing physical activity, to reduce the risk of complications.


The procedure begins with the patient being placed under general anaesthesia. An incision is made in the area surrounding the joint. The damaged joint is removed and replaced with an artificial one. The surgeon will make adjustments to ensure the implant fits appropriately.

Sometimes, the patient may need to have the supporting muscles, tendons, and ligaments repaired or replaced. If this is the case, the surgeon will make the necessary repairs and put the joint back together.

Once the joint replacement is complete, the surgeon will close the incision and place a bandage over it. The patient will then be monitored while they recover from the anaesthesia.


After the procedure, the patient will need to follow a period of physical therapy and rehabilitation to ensure that the joint functions correctly and to reduce the risk of complications. During this time, the patient may experience pain, swelling, and stiffness; however, these side effects should improve with time.

In conclusion, joint replacement arthroplasty is a highly effective treatment of damaged joints. It is essential that the patient follows their surgeon’s instructions and follows a post-operative care plan to ensure a successful outcome.

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