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Arthritis

Ortho hospital in Mysore

Arthritis is a disease of the joints that causes pain, swelling, and stiffness. It is one of the most common chronic health conditions in the world. Arthritis can affect people of any age, gender, or race, although it is more common in older adults. Arthritis can be divided into two main types: osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis caused by joint wear and tear. It typically affects the hands, knees, hips, and spine. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation of the joints. It typically affects the smaller joints in the hands and feet. The main symptom of arthritis is joint pain. Other symptoms can include swelling, stiffness, redness, and decreased range of motion. Arthritis can also cause fatigue, loss of appetite, and depression.

Pre-procedure

Pre-procedure for Arthritis at orthopaedics hospital in Mysore is the steps that need to be taken before undergoing a procedure to treat arthritis. These include lifestyle changes, physical therapy, medications, and other treatments. 

  • Lifestyle changes should be made before an arthritis procedure. These changes can include avoiding activities that aggravate the condition, such as repetitive motions or excessive weight-bearing. Eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly can also help improve joint mobility.

  • Other treatments used before a procedure include heat/cold therapy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), acupuncture, and massage. Heat/cold therapy can help reduce inflammation and pain, and TENS can reduce pain by blocking nerve signals. Acupuncture can help reduce pain and improve joint function, and massage can help reduce stiffness, pain, and inflammation. 

Procedure

  • The primary goal of treatment for arthritis is to reduce pain and improve joint function. Treatment typically includes a combination of medications, lifestyle changes and physical therapy.

  • Medications to treat arthritis include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). NSAIDs reduce pain and inflammation, while corticosteroids are used to reduce inflammation. DMARDs are used to slow the progression of the disease and can be taken in combination with NSAIDs.

  • Lifestyle changes are essential to arthritis management, including exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and getting adequate rest. Proper nutrition is also essential, as it can help to reduce inflammation and boost the immune system.

  • Physical therapy is another important component of arthritis treatment. Physical therapy can help to reduce pain and improve joint mobility. Exercises such as stretching, strengthening and range of motion can be beneficial.

  • In addition to these treatments, alternative therapies such as acupuncture, yoga, and massage can help relieve pain and improve joint function.

  • Overall, a comprehensive approach to arthritis treatment is necessary to manage the condition and reduce pain. Proper medications, lifestyle changes, physical therapy and alternative therapies should all be part of the treatment plan.

Post-procedure

Post-procedure care for arthritis typically involves an individualised combination of physical and occupational therapy, medications, lifestyle and dietary changes, and rest. Physical therapy is usually recommended to help an individual regain range of motion and strength following the procedure. This may include stretches, exercises, and manual therapy to help improve joint flexibility and stability. Occupational therapy may also be beneficial in restoring an individual's ability to perform daily tasks.

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