A stroke happens when the blood supply to a portion of the brain is cut off or if a blood vessel inside the brain breaks. Parts of the brain are injured or die in either circumstance, which results in long-term brain damage, disability, or even fatality.
Stroke situations need to be treated immediately. When an ischemic stroke occurs, the blood supply to a part of the brain is interrupted or reduced, which prevents the brain tissue from receiving oxygen and nutrients, resulting in brain tissue being deprived of oxygen and nutrients. During a short period, brain cells die off in minutes.
Pay special attention to the time that the symptoms started if you or someone you are with may have a stroke. The symptoms of a stroke can be any or all of the following issues,
Having difficulty comprehending what others are saying and speaking: You may experience confusion, slur words, or problem understanding what is being said.
Symptoms of paralysis or numbness in the face, arm, or leg: You may experience sudden numbness, tingling, or paralysis in your face, arm, or leg. A condition like this usually affects only one side of the body. Raise both arms over your head at the same time. A stroke may be diagnosed if one arm begins to fall. When you smile, one side of your mouth may droop.
There is a visual impairment in one or both eyes: Vision in one or both of your eyes may become blurry or blackened, or you might experience double vision.
The headache: If you experience a sudden, severe headache, vomiting, dizziness or a change in consciousness, you may be experiencing a stroke.
Having difficulty walking: There is a likelihood that you may stumble or lose your balance. Sudden dizziness or inability to coordinate may also develop.
Some of the tests during stroke management treatment in Mysore you may need to take are,
A physical exam: You will be asked to perform several tests you are familiar with, such as listening to your heart and checking your blood pressure. In addition, a neurological examination will be conducted to determine how a stroke might affect you.
Blood tests: Tests may be performed on you to determine how fast your blood clots, whether your blood sugar level is too high or low, and whether you have an infection.
A computerised tomography (CT) scan is performed: Using a series of X-rays, a CT scan produces an image of your brain. Blood vessels in the neck and brain can be seen more clearly with dye injections.
Echocardiogram: During an echocardiogram, sound waves produce detailed images of the heart. A heart echocardiogram can determine where blood clots may have travelled from the heart to the brain, causing a stroke.
The treatment of Ischemic stroke
IV medication for emergencies: Intravenous drugs that can dissolve clots must be administered within 4.5 hours of the onset of symptoms. Prescriptions should be issued as soon as possible.
Endovascular procedures in an emergency: Some doctors treat ischemic strokes directly inside the blocked blood vessel. Endovascular therapy improves outcomes and reduces long-term disability after an ischemic stroke.
Stents and angioplasty: Carotid angioplasty involves threading a catheter through an artery in the groin. The narrowed artery is expanded after the balloon is filled, and Stents can be inserted as soon as the artery has been opened.
Stroke associated with haemorrhage
Emergency measures: You may also be administered drugs for several issues, such as lowering the pressure in the brain, lowering blood pressure, preventing spasms of the blood vessels, and preventing seizures.
Surgery: Hemorrhagic strokes can also be cured surgically by repairing blood vessel problems.
The procedure of surgical clipping: A small clamp is attached to the base to stop blood flow to the aneurysm. The clamp can protect an aneurysm from bursting or prevent an aneurysm from bleeding again after it has recently bled.
Surgical AVM removal: Smaller AVMs can be removed if they can be accessed. The risk of hemorrhagic stroke is reduced.
Stereotactic radiosurgery: Stereotactic radiosurgery uses numerous beams of highly focused radiation to repair blood vessel malformations.
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