Multiple Myeloma

Multiple Myeloma is a cancer of the plasma cells, a type of white blood cell in the bone marrow. It is a relatively uncommon form of cancer but one of the most serious. Symptoms can include tiredness, frequent infections, bone pain, kidney problems and anaemia. Diagnosis is made through blood tests, bone marrow biopsies, imaging and scans. Treatment can include chemotherapy, radiation, stem cell transplants and targeted therapy. Prognosis and survival rates vary depending on the stage of cancer and other factors. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve outcomes for patients.


Pre-procedure for Multiple Myeloma treatment in Mysore typically includes:

  • A physical exam to check for signs or symptoms of the disease, as well as a complete medical history, including any current medications and treatments.

  • A blood test is also often required to check for levels of M-protein, which is a type of protein produced by the cancer cells.

  • such as bone marrow biopsies and bone scans, will be ordered to confirm the diagnosis.

  • Finally, doctors may also order a PET scan to check for any other abnormal cells in the body.

All this information will help the doctor formulate the best possible plan of treatment for the patient.


The procedure for treating multiple myeloma depends on the stage of the disease. People in the early stages monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance and smoldering multiple mycloma may only need observation with periodic testing.

  • In the intermediate stages, treatment may involve chemotherapy, radiation, and targeted therapies.

  • In the advanced stages, a stem cell transplant may be needed to replace the cancerous cells in the bone marrow.

The goal of treatment is to manage the symptoms, slow the growth of cancer, and extend life expectancy. It is important to have a team of doctors and specialists to make sure the correct treatment is chosen for each individual.


Post-procedure for Multiple Myeloma is a set of treatments and care that should be followed after a diagnosis or procedure related to Multiple Myeloma.

  • Post-procedure care typically includes monitoring for signs of cancer recurrence, a chemotherapy regimen, and ongoing health surveillance. Radiotherapy and stem cell transplant may also be recommended.

  • During regular follow-up visits, symptoms should be monitored, and any new symptoms should be reported. Complications should also be noted and reported promptly to ensure proper treatment is provided.

  • Regular blood tests, scans, and bone marrow tests may also be part of the post-procedure care plan. It is also important to maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating a balanced diet, getting regular exercise, and managing stress.

  • Lastly, a support system is important to help with coping with the diagnosis and treatment of Multiple Myeloma.

If you are seeking for an expert advice, book an appointment with the hematology unit in Mysore at Manipal Hospitals today.