Bone marrow examination is a medical procedure used to diagnose various diseases, such as leukaemia and lymphoma. During the procedure, a sample of bone marrow is removed from the patient, usually from the hipbone, using a needle. The sample is then examined under a microscope to look for any abnormal or malignant cells. Additionally, the sample can be tested for genetic abnormalities, such as chromosomal mutations. Bone marrow examination procedure in Mysore is a relatively safe procedure, but there is a risk of infection or bleeding. It is generally used to diagnose diseases of the blood, such as anaemia, and can also be used to determine the effectiveness of chemotherapy or radiation.
Pre-procedure for bone marrow examination involves a series of tests and preparations prior to the actual procedure.
These tests can include a full blood count, an electrolyte panel, a complete blood count, a coagulation panel, and a metabolic panel.
Additionally, the patient will likely be asked to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids. The patient may also need to change clothing and wear loose-fitting clothing to minimise discomfort during the procedure.
Also, depending on the procedure, the patient may be asked to refrain from taking certain medications or supplements prior to the procedure.
Lastly, the patient should discuss any allergies or sensitivities they may have with the doctor prior to undergoing the procedure.
Following these pre-procedure instructions can help ensure the procedure is successful and that the patient remains safe and comfortable throughout the process.
The procedure is usually performed under local anaesthesia. The sample is then sent to a laboratory for analysis.
The purpose of the bone marrow examination is to evaluate the presence of any diseases or disorders related to the bone marrow. The analysis looks at the cells, their size, shape, and whether they are normal or abnormal. It also looks at the presence of other substances, such as proteins, that can indicate the presence of a disorder.
The bone marrow examination is usually done in order to diagnose conditions such as leukaemia, aplastic, anaemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. It can also be done to evaluate the side effects of certain medications, as well as to detect infections or tumours.
In some cases, a bone marrow biopsy may also be performed. This involves taking a larger sample of bone marrow from the hip bone or sternum and examining it under a microscope.
Once the sample is taken, it is sent to the laboratory for analysis. The results can help doctors diagnose and treat the underlying condition.
Post-Procedure for bone marrow examination procedure in Mysore under the hematology unit is a necessary step to ensure that the patient is safe and healthy after a bone marrow biopsy. It includes monitoring the patient for any signs of infection, bleeding, or other complications. The patient has typically been prescribed a course of antibiotics to help prevent infection. They may also be instructed to rest and avoid strenuous activities for the first few days. It is also important to keep the biopsy site clean and dry and to avoid any activities that could irritate the area.
If any signs of infection or other complications occur, the patient should contact the bone marrow specialist doctor in Mysore immediately. In some cases, they might need to return to the hospital for further treatment. Overall, proper post-procedure care is essential to ensure a safe and successful recovery.