Anaemia is a condition where the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells, which carry oxygen around the body. Symptoms include fatigue, dizziness, pale skin, shortness of breath, and a fast or irregular heartbeat. There are several types of anaemia, including iron-deficiency anaemia, aplastic anaemia, haemolytic anaemia, and sickle cell anaemia. Risk factors for anaemia include dietary deficiencies, chronic diseases, blood loss, and inherited disorders. Treatment for anaemia typically involves taking iron or vitamin supplements, improving the diet, and in more severe cases, blood transfusions or medications.
Pre-procedure for Anaemia treatment in Mysore begins with a physical examination and medical history to identify the cause of anaemia.
Anaemia specialists in Mysore may order blood tests to determine the type and severity of anaemia. This includes a complete blood count (CBC), which will measure the levels of haemoglobin red and white blood cells as well as platelet.
Other tests may include a reticulocyte count, which will measure the number of immature red blood cells in the blood, and a serum ferritin test, which will measure the amount of iron in the bloodstream or a bone marrow biopsy to look for signs of bone marrow disease or a genetic test for inherited anaemia.
Depending on the results of these tests, a doctor may advise a course of treatment and lifestyle changes to address the underlying cause of anaemia. This may include dietary changes, iron supplements, or other treatments.
Treatment for anaemia depends on the underlying cause and can include lifestyle modifications, medications, and in some cases, blood transfusions.
Lifestyle modifications that can help treat anaemia include increasing dietary iron intake by eating foods like liver, red meat, beans, seafood, and dark, leafy greens. Eating foods that are rich in vitamin C, like oranges, grapefruits, and tomatoes can also help improve iron absorption. Additionally, avoiding certain foods, such as dairy and caffeine, can help reduce symptoms of anaemia.
Medications that are prescribed to treat anaemia include iron supplements, vitamin B12, folate, and erythropoietin. Iron supplements are often prescribed to help the body produce more red blood cells. Vitamin B12 and folate are important for red blood cell production, and erythropoietin helps the body produce more red blood cells.
In some cases, a blood transfusion may be necessary to treat anaemia. This is usually done through a vein and involves receiving a bag of donated blood. Blood transfusions can help a person recover quickly and improve their quality of life.
It is important to speak to a doctor to determine the best course of treatment for anaemia, as treatments may vary depending on the underlying cause.
Post-procedure care for anaemia includes monitoring vital signs, including temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and blood pressure. Blood tests should be done to check haemoglobin, ferritin, and other iron levels. It is important to monitor for any signs of infection, such as fever, chills, or soreness, at the site of the procedure.
In addition, the patient should be advised to increase their intake of iron-rich foods. Iron supplements may be prescribed. It is also important for the patient to maintain a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise, a balanced diet, and adequate rest. Other treatments may include blood transfusions or medications to help increase red blood cell production.
Follow-up visits to the consultants hematology unit in Mysore should be scheduled to monitor the patient's progress. Keeping up with these treatments and lifestyle changes can help ensure the patient's health and recovery from anaemia.