The vulva is the skin that surrounds the urethra and vagina, including the clitoris and labia. Vulvar cancer develops in the outer area of the female genitalia. Vulvar cancer first appears as a lump or sore on the valva. This cancer is most common among older adults. However, it can develop at any age. Surgery is the primary treatment method for vulvar cancer.
The healthcare provider will recommend a specific procedure to confirm vulvar cancer. These procedures include:
The healthcare provider will examine the vulva to find out the abnormalities.
Examination by a Magnifying Device
The doctor will examine the patient with a device like a magnifying glass during the colposcopy exam. The doctor will closely inspect for abnormal areas.
Removal of Sample of Tissue
The doctor will recommend removing a tissue sample from the skin to examine whether the cancer is present in the area. Local anesthesia is used during the examination.
Determination of the Spread of the Cancer
After the confirmation of cancer, the doctor will apply the following procedure to test the extent of the cancer:
Examination of Pelvic Area
The doctor will examine the pelvis area to determine the spread of the cancer.
Imaging Test includes X-Ray, CT Scan, MRIs, and Positron Emission Tomography.
The stages of Vulvar Cancer are determined by indicating from Stage I to Stage IV. Stage I indicates the lowest spread, and Stage IV indicates the highest spread. Book an appointment to have the best treatment.
The doctor begins the treatment procedure based on the cancer's stage, location, and severity. Any of the following treatment procedures are applied.
Different surgical procedures for the treatment are
This procedure involves the removal of cancer and a small amount of normal tissue surrounding the area. It involves wide excision or local excision.
This surgical procedure involves the removal of a part of the vulva or the entire vulva. In the case of cancer that spreads to a large area, the treatment may include radiation therapy or chemotherapy to reduce the tumor size. Visit our cancer care hospital in Mysore for the best treatment.
Sentinel Node Biopsy
The surgeon applies the sentinel node biopsy to determine whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. This procedure helps to find out the lymph nodes containing cancer. The procedure helps to remove and analyze the lymph nodes. If the cancer is not in the first lymph nodes, it has also not spread to other lymph nodes.
Removal of Lymph Nodes
If the cancer is present in any of the lymph nodes, other lymph nodes may also have to remove to reduce the risk of the spread of cancer.
Radiation therapy helps to kill cancer cells. Powerful radiation energy is used. To treat vulvar cancer, a machine moves around the body to emit radiation to a precise point.
Radiation therapy is combined with chemotherapy to destroy cancer cells quickly. Sometimes, radiation therapy is used before surgery to reduce the size of the cancer. Radiation therapy may also be recommended after surgery if the doctor finds cancer cells in the lymph nodes.
Chemotherapy is a drug that helps to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy is administered through the vein or mouth. Chemotherapy can be a good option for cancer that has spread to other areas of the body. To make the surgery successful by reducing the size of cancer, chemotherapy is combined with radiation therapy.
Targeted Drug Therapy
Targeted drug therapy helps to block the abnormalities in the cancer cells. This therapy causes cancer cells to die. It may help in the treatment of advanced vulvar cancer.
Immunotherapy helps your immune system to identify and fight against cancer cells. Your immune system will kill the cancer cells in the body.