Haemorrhoids or Piles are swollen veins (lumps) in your anus or lower rectum. Internal Haemorrhoids are developed inside the rectum, and external Haemorrhoids form around the anus. With simple home treatment and lifestyle changes, Piles can be easily prevented and managed. These swollen blood vessels can cause due to constipation, heavy lifting, pregnancy, or pushing too hard when pooing.
Common symptoms of Piles depend on the type of Haemorrhoid you have, such as
Pain or discomfort
Swelling around anus
Itching or irritation in the anal region
Painless bleeding during straining when pooing
Prolapsed or protruding haemorrhoid resulting in pain and irritation
Severe pain when blood pools in the external piles, thereby forming a clot
Hard lump near or around the anus
Normally, bleeding Haemorrhoids go away after home treatment, after which the haemorrhoids improve significantly. However, even after following the home treatment, you may require hospital treatment if there is no improvement. While these hospital treatments help in healing present piles, there is no guarantee that treatments always prevent piles from coming back. Your doctor will recommend the best treatment based on your medical condition, medical history and type of piles. Patients might not feel much pain where the area is numbed for performing the treatment. Book an appointment to have the best treatment.
Common Piles treatments are as follows:
Rubber Band Ligation:
Here, a rubber band is placed around the piles to detach them from the body.
To shrink the piles, a gentle electric current is applied to the area.
A liquid is injected into the piles to make them shrink
Infrared radiation (IR) light stops the blood supply to the area and makes it shrink.
While most treatments are successful, surgery is expected when the treatment does not work. The surgery is performed on unconscious patients, and a hospital stay of more than 1 day is required.
These surgeries include:
In this surgical treatment, the haemorrhoid is surgically removed from the body.
Haemorrhoidal Artery Ligation
Doctors stitch the haemorrhoid to cut the blood supply so that it can shrink in size.
The affected area is attached back inside the anus. Visit our general surgery hospital in Mysore for the best treatment.
While experiencing piles and related pain is irritating and uncomfortable, following home treatment can relieve piles in a few days. It is even better if preventive steps are followed to avoid piles in the first place. Some of the best treatment and preventive steps for piles are as follows:
Eat lots of fibre foods and maintain a high-fibre diet.
Drink plenty of fluids.
Avoid prolonged sitting on the toilet.
Maintain exercise routine and well-balanced diet.
Consider fibre supplements.
Take a sitz bath to relieve anal area from itching and pain.
Use an ice pack to ease discomfort in the anal area.
Avoid foods like alcohol and caffeine to prevent constipation.
While these demonstrated the preventive and treatment steps, here are don’ts to abide by in order to avoid haemorrhoids.
Avoid the use of pressure in the toilet.
Do not spend more time on the toilet than you need.
Avoid painkillers that cause constipation.
Avoid wiping the bottom aggressively.
Do not consume ibuprofen in case of bleeding haemorrhoids.