Relation between Diabetes and Foot Problems
Major foot problems occur in patients suffering from diabetes, besides the common symptoms. Extreme diabetes causes “diabetes neuropathy”, damage to nerves and blood vessels in the body, mainly the feet, causing numbness, tingling, pain, and loss of sensation in the feet. Thus, one cannot feel a cut, ulcer, or blister on their feet, leading to infection, which worsens as the damaged blood vessels cause poor blood flow in feet, known as Peripheral vascular disease.
This leads to Gangrene, where your muscle, tissue or skin starts to die. Foot amputation is performed to cut off the damaged part of the leg or foot. Ulcers on feet do not heal with treatment, thus needing foot amputation. Amputation surgery may carry inherent complications, but it saves lives by preventing severe infection from spreading to the rest of the body. Book an appointment to have the best treatment.
Some of the common foot problems in diabetic patients that can lead to infection and severe complications are given below:
Fungal infection of nails
Common signs and symptoms of diabetic neuropathy include:
Loss of hair in the foot area
Loss of feeling or sense in the foot area
Dark skin on the affected area
Redness, swelling, skin discolouration, foul smell, pus, etc are common symptoms of diabetic foot ulcers.
Treatment (Diabetic Foot Care)
After a proper diagnosis of your feet, physical exam and diagnostic tests, your doctor may perform the treatment to cure diabetic foot ulcers. Since there is no permanent cure for diabetic foot, regular care and maintenance of blood sugar levels widely help nerve and blood vessel damage to be within the limit and not severe. One can avoid severe complications with proper foot care and keeping sugar levels in check. Visit our general surgery hospital in Mysore for the best treatment.
The ideal foot care routine includes:
Checking your feet daily to look for cuts, ulcers or blisters
Properly washing your feet daily
Trimming toenails with a clipper
Wearing well-fitted shoes or slippers to protect your feet while walking
Protecting your feet from hot and cold
Following regular check-ups with your doctor
Knowing how to remove corns and calluses safely
Asking questions to your doctor that might improve your diabetic foot care routine.
Not maintaining blood sugar levels within healthy limits and not following a good diabetic foot care routine can lead to severe complications such as:
Skin and bone infections
Diabetic Neuropathy Emergency
See your doctor immediately without further delay on noticing any diabetic foot symptoms such as cuts, ulcers, blisters, or bruises that do not heal, foot infection, red and painful skin, etc. Do not hesitate to share important information related to diabetic foot with your doctor. Opting for early treatment can prevent hospitalisation, deformity and amputation. The best Skin Abscess Treatment and Ingrown Toe Nail Treatment are now available at Manipal Hospitals, Mysore.