Valve replacement is a surgical procedure to replace a damaged or diseased heart valve. It may be done if a valve is too narrow and doesn't open properly (stenosis) or leaks (regurgitation). The procedure can be done with either open-heart surgery or minimally-invasive techniques. The type of valve used depends on the patient's age and condition and the damage to the existing valve. Biological valves are made from animal tissue and last up to 15 years, while mechanical valves are made from metal and can last up to 25 years. Valve replacement surgery carries some risks, including infection, blood clots, and stroke. Patients typically need to stay in the hospital for a few days after the procedure and will need follow-up care and regular check-ups to ensure their new valve is working correctly.
Pre-procedure for valve replacement treatment in Mysore is a set of procedures and tests done before a valve replacement procedure. It includes an analysis of the patient’s detailed medical history along with a specific physical examination, chest x-ray, electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiogram (echo). Depending on the findings, other tests such as a coronary angiogram, myocardial perfusion scan, or computed tomography (CT) scan may be recommended. Blood tests may also be done to assess the patient’s overall health.
The patient will also be assessed for other risk factors for surgery that the patient might have developed for reasons such as age, weight, smoking, alcohol consumption, other medical conditions and medications taken. Before the surgery, the patient will be asked to stop taking certain medications, such as aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The patient may also be asked to fast for 8-10 hours before the procedure.
Valve replacement is a procedure used to repair or replace a malfunctioning or damaged valve in the heart. The procedure involves removing the faulty valve and replacing it with a new one. This can be done with open-heart surgery or with a minimally invasive procedure.
Open-heart surgery is the traditional method of valve replacement. It involves a large incision in the chest and then cutting into the heart. The damaged valve is removed, and the new valve is sewn or stapled. The heart is then closed, and the patient is put on a heart-lung bypass machine to help with circulation during the procedure.
A minimally invasive procedure involves using a catheter and a replacement valve inserted through a small incision in the upper leg. The catheter is inserted into an artery and then guided to the heart. Once the catheter is in place, the replacement valve is inserted and the old valve removed. This procedure is much less invasive than open-heart surgery and is often preferred by patients.
Post-procedure for valve replacement is restoring the heart's normal functioning after a valve replacement surgery. It is essential to monitor the patient’s condition and provide support to help them recover from the procedure.
Immediately after the surgery, the patient will be monitored in an intensive care unit (ICU) to ensure that their heart is functioning correctly. The patient will also be monitored to ensure they receive enough oxygen. During this period, the patient may experience discomforts, such as chest pain or shortness of breath.
Once the patient is stable, they will be moved to a regular hospital room and monitored for any signs of bleeding, infection, or heart rhythm problems. Medications may be prescribed to improve the patient’s blood pressure and heart rate. In addition, the patient will be required to follow a special diet, which may include a low-sodium diet, to reduce the risk of fluid buildup in the body.
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