Dr. Sasirekha D

Consultant - Cardiology - Interventional

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Reviewed by

Dr. Sasirekha D

Consultant - Cardiology - Interventional

Manipal Hospitals, Mysuru

How To Prevent Heart Attack: 9 Tips And Precautions

Reviewed by:

Dr. Sasirekha D

Posted On: Nov 15, 2023

blogs read 4 Min Read

How to Prevent Heart Attacks

“Prevention is the best medicine” holds for heart health as well. A heart attack occurs when blood flow to part of the heart muscle is blocked. This is often due to a blood clot that damages that area and disrupts the blood flow. It's crucial, especially for high-risk individuals, to prioritise heart attack prevention to reduce risks significantly. Let’s learn about different tips and precautions to prevent heart attack. 

Tips to Prevent Heart Attack

You must change your lifestyle, manage your health conditions, and visit an expert cardiologist for regular health checks to prevent heart attacks.

1. Lifestyle Modifications

  • Healthy Diet

Switch to a heart-healthy diet, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats like those from olive oil and fatty fish. Cut down the intake of saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, sodium, and added sugars.

  • Exercise Regularly

It’s recommended to do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity workouts. Alternatively, try and do 75 minutes of high-intensity workouts every week.

  • Weight Management

Strive to attain and maintain a healthy weight to lower heart disease risk. Consult a healthcare professional to determine your ideal weight and devise a plan to achieve and sustain it.

  • Moderate Alcohol Consumption

Drink alcohol in moderation. 

  • Quit Smoking

Smoking significantly increases heart disease risk. Consider joining support groups or smoking cessation programs to help you quit.

  • Stress Management

Employ stress-reducing practices like meditation, yoga, or deep breathing to help maintain a healthy heart.

  • Avoid Excessive Caffeine and Energy Drinks

High caffeine intake can lead to irregular heart rhythms in some individuals. Be mindful of your caffeine consumption.

  • Get Sufficient Sleep

Aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep each night to support overall health.

  • Keep a Strong Social Circle

Having close relationships and a supportive group of family and friends can help lower stress and boost your overall well-being.


2. Medical Management

  • Regular Check-ups:

Monitoring your health through regular check-ups can help catch risk factors like high blood pressure or high cholesterol early.

  • Medication Management

Adhering to prescribed medication regimes for existing conditions can prevent complications.

  • Diabetes Management

Properly managing diabetes reduces the risk of heart disease.


Monitoring and Early Intervention

  • Regular Health Monitoring

Consistently checking blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels can aid in the early identification and management of potential issues.

  • Recognising Early Signs

Acquiring the knowledge to identify early signs of a heart attack and how to prevent heart attacks, can be a lifesaver.

  • Understanding Family History

​​​​​​​Being aware of your family's heart disease history enables you to adopt additional precautionary measures.


Immediate Management of the Patient with Heartache

Handling a situation where someone is experiencing heartache or a suspected heart attack requires prompt and precise actions to increase the chances of survival and minimise damage to the heart muscle. Here are the steps for immediate management:

  1. Call for Emergency Help: If you suspect someone is having a heart attack. Quick medical treatment is crucial.

  2. Keep the Person Calm: Help the person sit down and stay calm, preferably in a comfortable resting position. Reassure the person to help minimise stress and anxiety, which can worsen the situation.

  3. Medication: If the person has been prescribed nitroglycerin for chest pain or heart conditions, assist them in taking it. If advised by a healthcare professional or emergency personnel, administer aspirin to the person. Aspirin can prevent further blood clotting.

  4. CPR and AED: Should the individual become unresponsive, evaluate their breathing and pulse. If there's no breathing or it's abnormal, initiate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) without delay. If an automated external defibrillator (AED) is on hand, employ it promptly, adhering to the device's guidelines.

  5. Continuous Monitoring: Keep talking to the person to ensure they remain conscious for as long as possible. Loosen any tight clothing around the person’s neck, chest, or waist to help blood flow more freely and make breathing easier. Do not leave the person alone; wait for emergency personnel to arrive.

  6. Avoid Giving Food and Water: Do not give the person anything to eat or drink unless instructed by a cardiology expert, as it might cause choking or other complications.


Heart attack prevention and management require a holistic approach encompassing lifestyle changes, medical management, and education on early intervention and immediate response during an emergency. By taking heart health seriously, individuals can lead longer, healthier lives while reducing the burden of heart disease on society. The actions taken in the initial moments of a heart attack are critical in preserving life and minimising damage to the heart. It's advisable to get trained in CPR and the use of an AED to be better prepared for such emergencies. You can choose to visit Manipal Hospitals, Mysore Unit, for a comprehensive evaluation of your heart health as well as emergency treatment. 


Q. What are some of the warning signs of a heart attack?

Some common warning signs of a heart attack include the following: 

  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath 
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Lightheadedness
  • Jaw, neck, or back pain.


If you experience any of these symptoms, it is vital to seek immediate medical attention.

Q. How do you reduce the risk of heart attack?

You can do so by making the lifestyle changes listed in this blog. Also, remember to take medications as prescribed by your doctor and go for regular checkups and screenings.

Q. What are the common risk factors for heart attack?

Common risk factors for heart attack include the following:

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Stress.

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