Idiopathic Scoliosis: Curvature on Spine

Posted On Aug 17, 2022

Dr. Ishwar Keerthi

Consultant - Spine Surgery

KMC Hospitals–Mangalore

Idiopathic Scoliosis Treatment in Mangalore

Scoliosis is characterized by a curve in the spinal cord on one or more sides and twists resembling the letters C or S. School-going children belonging to the age group of 8–15 years are often observed with spine curvature between their upper and lower back. Mild curves are most often missed but tend to occur frequently among children. However, if untreated, it gets worse as the child grows older. Both girls and boys have a little curvature. But among girls, curve progression is ten times more common. However, scoliosis can now be treated due to medical advancements. Parents may feel emotionally distressed and anxious when they learn that their child has scoliosis. They must reject these ideas and the child should instead be taken to the doctor. Visit Manipal Hospitals for Idiopathic Scoliosis Treatment in Mangalore.

Causes of Idiopathic Scoliosis

Unknown causes of scoliosis are referred to as idiopathic scoliosis. In most cases, there is no discomfort. Although the patient might occasionally have lower back pain. There have been cases where families have been majorly affected by this problem. According to research, scoliosis can occasionally be caused by muscle imbalances near the spine and a few biological factors. Depending on the aetiology, the disease is categorised as:

  • Congenital Scoliosis

The spine fails to correct the deformity in this condition. It becomes obvious as a teenager's spine starts to develop. Due to the possibility that the child has renal or bladder issues, close observation is absolutely necessary.

  • Neuro-muscular Scoliosis

It results in adult spinal disc and bone fractures or degeneration.

  • Osteoporosis

A patient's bone density decreases, and the spine is more likely to fracture as a result.

  • Nonstructural scoliosis

It is brought on by poor posture. Patients with varying leg lengths who have muscle spasms are also included.

Symptoms of Idiopathic Scoliosis

Painless scoliosis is known as the normal condition. The slight curve and the child's spine may not immediately show symptoms. As a child grows, parents may notice an odd posture. One or both hips or shoulders being higher than the other, an uneven waistline, rounded shoulders, or a depressed and asymmetrical chest shape are physical indicators. If a child's clothing does not fit properly, he or she may identify the situation on their own. He or she can feel exhausted after spending a lot of time standing or sitting. If untreated, it may also result in breathing difficulties, back pain, restricted range of motion, numbness in the legs, irreversible deformities, disc disease, and fatigue. Extreme abnormalities may cause damage to the affected person's heart and lungs.

Diagnosis of Idiopathic Scoliosis

The likelihood of developing the condition is influenced by the type of scoliosis, the location of the curve, and the curvature of the spine. The curvature of the spine can be estimated using a tool called a Scoliometer. A series of spinal X-rays might be used to assess the condition's severity before beginning a specific course of treatment. Scoliosis is defined by the Scoliosis Research Society as a spine curvature of at least 10 degrees on an X-ray. Book an appointment at our Spine Care Hospital in Mangalore for the best diagnosis tests.

Treatments of Idiopathic Scoliosis

The patient's age, gender, type of scoliosis, degree of spinal curvature, and location of the curve all affect the course of treatment. Only ongoing monitoring is necessary for mild curvature scoliosis. Bracing is the suggested course of action, consult with a Spine Surgeon in Mangalore today. In situations of severe deformity, surgery is required. Depending on the brace, one may wear it for a shorter or longer period of time. Observation and repeated clinical evaluations every 4-6 months are advised to make sure the curvature is not advancing. For certain patients, this illness may require lifelong care and monitoring. The treatment may include physical therapy.

Dr. Ishwara Keerthi

Consultant- Spine Specialist

Manipal Hospitals, Mangalore

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