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Kidney stones are stone-like accumulations made up of minerals and salts.
Several factors, such as diet, excess body weight, certain medical conditions, and supplements and medications, may contribute to kidney stone formation. Any part of your urinary system, which includes your kidneys and bladder, can be impacted by kidney stones, including any part of your urinary tract. Due to the increased urine concentration within the body, stones are often formed due to minerals forming crystals and adhering to one another.
As a general rule, kidney stones have no single identifiable cause, although several factors may increase your risk of developing one. It is imperative to note that kidney stones occur when more crystal-forming substances, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, are present in the urine than the urine can dilute. As well as not containing substances that prevent crystals from sticking to each other, some urines do not contain substances that prevent crystals from sticking to each other, which is one of the reasons kidney stones can form under optimal conditions.
A treatment plan
The treatment for kidney stones varies according to the type and cause of the stone.
Water consumption: You may prevent stones from forming by drinking at least two to three quarts (1.8 to 3.6 litres) of water daily. You should drink enough fluids - ideally mostly water - to produce clear or nearly clear urine unless instructed otherwise by your physician.
The use of pain relievers: There may be some discomfort associated with passing a small stone. Your physician may prescribe medications such as naproxen sodium to relieve mild pain.
Professional medical treatment: Your physician may prescribe an anti-stone medication if you have kidney stones. This medication, known as an alpha blocker, relaxes the muscles in your ureter, making it easier for you to clear kidney stones. Alpha-blockers include tamsulosin, dutasteride, and tamsulosin
Book an appointment in the best urology hospital in Jayanagar, Bangalore at Manipal Hospitals.
Types of Surgery
There are four types of surgical approaches that can be adopted in the case of kidney stones. They are as follows,
Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL)
The most frequent method of treating kidney stones is shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). It works best with small to medium-sized stones and is non-invasive, meaning no cuts are performed on your skin.
This treatment is used to treat kidney and ureter stones. Your doctor will use a narrow, flexible scope to identify and remove stones. There are no cuts on your skin, and this process will put you to sleep.
The percutaneous nephrolithotomy
This procedure is a possibility if your stone is huge or lithotripsy does not break it up sufficiently. PCNL enters the stone through a tiny tube and breaks it apart with high-frequency sound waves.
Open surgery is hardly performed nowadays, and it is the method in which the body is opened with extensive incisions and directly removed the stones. Open surgery is used if your stone is big or cannot be removed with conventional therapies. Manipal Hositals has best doctors to treat kidney stones.