Thalassemia is a group of blood disorders that affects the body’s ability to produce haemoglobin and red blood cells naturally. Moderate and severe thalassemias are often diagnosed in childhood because symptoms usually appear during the first 2 years of a child's life.
At Manipal Hospitals, our dedicated Thalassemia Clinic is one of a kind. Our cutting edge medical technology and systems help diagnose early manifestations of thalassemia in babies, especially since it is a hereditary disorder. We have exceptional haemotologists who have the profound expertise in handling delicate babies. This compassionate side of our blood experts comes to the fore during blood transfusions which is the standard treatment protocol for patients with thalassemia major. Since blood transfusions can cause iron overload which may lead to the damage to other organs, children will need iron chelation therapy, which can be given in pill form.
Frequent blood transfusions are not easy on little children. However, our haemologists are honed in the craft of managing children with thalassemias and handle them with compassion and patience. To understand their nutritional needs, child nutritionists help in the line of treatment by ensuring they are provided with nutritional supplements, in the form of folic acid supplements, and monitor the B12 levels as these nutrients are key components to making healthy blood cells.
Bone marrow and stem cell transplant from a compatible related donor is the only effective treatment that can cure thalassemia. Our bone marrow transplant speciality is a remarkable one endowed with skilled paediatric transplant surgeons who perform this surgery to treat special cases of thalassemia in children.