Mini-stroke – What should we do?

Best Neurology Hospital in Vijayawada

Stroke is one of the most common disorders these days, which can affect anyone of any age causing sudden death and permanent disability. According to estimates, Incidence 119-145/100000 and Prevalence 280-360/100000 people in India have been affected by stroke. 

Blockage or rupture of blood vessels in the brain tissue results in stroke. When brain tissues get deprived of oxygen and nutrients, it leads to brain death. Around two million neurons are lost following a stroke. This kind of emergency calls for immediate attention and quick treatment in order to prevent further complications. 

Often referred to as a mini-stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a low-level interruption of blood supply in a part of the brain, spinal cord, or retina lasting for an hour or less. This does not harm the brain cells or cause permanent disability but is an early warning of an impending full-blown stroke in the future. And a person who has a TIA is 9.5 times more likely to have a stroke.

The American Stroke Association has been consistently striving to create awareness and help prevent stroke among people. Over the years, they came up with FAST, an acronym coined to detect stroke and treat it immediately. It refers to:

  • Face: To check the smile of a person if it is even or drooping

  • Arms: To see if there is weakness or numbness in the arms where a person cannot move the arms or it drops

  • Speech: To detect slurred speech or difficulty in speaking

  • Time: To contact a hospital or medical assistance immediately

Symptoms of TIA are very similar to that of a regular stroke. In addition to FAST, there are other symptoms that indicate an impending TIA. These are:

  • Blurred vision or blindness in one or both the eyes

  • Loss of balance of the body 

  • Paralysis on one side of the body

  • Sudden headache or dizziness, along with nausea or altered consciousness

There are also a few risk factors that lead to stroke. These risk factors are directly related to the imbalance in blood flow where the chances of a narrowing or rupturing of blood vessels are high.

It happens because of:

  • Uncontrolled hypertension, especially with a stressful lifestyle

  • Diabetes at an uncontrolled state

  • Smoking 

  • Overweight or obesity due to various reasons

  • Heavy consumption of alcohol

  • Cardiovascular complications like heart failure, cardiac arrest, and heart infections 

  • Family history of stroke always increases the probability; men are prone to inherit it more than women

  • Imbalance in hormones due to contraceptives, and hormone therapies, among others

Hence, this chronic dysfunction can be addressed in various ways. There is a different methodology that specialists and interventional radiologists frequently take recourse to in order to decrease the danger of strokes or transient ischaemic assaults. 

  • A stroke is a condition that can affect an individual for the rest of his/her life. Effective recuperation isn't said to have occurred till the person has gone through satisfactory restoration. Language instruction, word-related treatment, and active recuperation must all be locked in to re-establish as much autonomy as can be expected for the patient to get back to a normal life. 

  • In case there are group support gatherings that frequently share total comparative casualties that they encounter, that is a wonderful place to put the patient for emotional support and care.

The side-effects of a mini-stroke can endure as momentarily as one moment. By definition, mini-strokes keep going for less than 24 hours. 

Lifestyle changes can prove to be important to decrease the danger of future mini-strokes or strokes. Prescriptions and other clinical intercessions may not be sufficient.

Lifestyle changes include: 

  • Working out 

  • Maintaining an ideal body weight

  • Eating more organic or healthy food

  • Decreasing the intake of sugar and sugar-based food sources 

  • Getting sufficient rest 

  • Handling pressure and stress in the right way

  • Working towards controlling other ailments, including diabetes, hypertension, and elevated cholesterol

If you are looking for the best neurology hospital in Vijayawada, then contact Manipal Hospital for the mini-stroke treatment in Vijayawada. We have the best neurologist in Vijayawada who are experts in the same field.
 

Dr. Murali Chekuri

Consultant - Neurologist

Manipal Hospitals, Vijayawada

 

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