Breast cancer awareness: Symptoms, Risks and Prevention

Posted On Nov 15, 2022

Dr. V Dharmendra Kumar

Consultant - Surgical Oncologist

Manipal Super Speciality Hospitals-Vijayawada

Cancer care hospital in Vijayawada

Breast lumps may occur as a result of unchecked cell proliferation, which is the first sign of breast cancer. It is one of the cancer types that is curable. It can also spread to other body parts, making it a potentially fatal disease if not diagnosed on time. Women worldwide, both in developed and developing nations, are affected by breast cancer. Although it can happen at any age, women over the age of 40 are the ones most likely to experience it. 25%-31% of all malignancies in women in India are breast cancers. The average age at which breast cancer develops has also changed significantly, going from 50-70 to 30-50.

Learning the signs and symptoms

It is important for everyone to know the signs of breast cancer, such as:

  • Any lump or swelling in the breasts

  • Swelling in the armpits.

  • Bloody discharge from nipple.

  • Liquid discharges from the nipple.

  • Massive pain in the breast.

  • Inverted nipples or changes in their position or shape, bleeding.

  • Changes in the skin texture (peau d’orange appeal).

  • Change in the size or shape of the breasts.

  • Swelling in armpits or swelling in the breasts.

If you are experiencing such symptoms, don't wait, Book an appointment with us and visit our best cancer care hospital in Vijayawada.

Breast cancer risk factors

Some major factors responsible for causing breast cancer include:

  • Family history

Breast cancer risk is increased in women whose mothers or siblings had the disease.

  • Breast lumps

There is a higher chance that women with non-cancerous breast lumps will eventually acquire cancer.

  • Age

Women who are older have an increased risk of developing breast cancer.

  • Diet and lifestyle choices

Women who smoke, consume a diet heavy in fat, or use alcohol are more likely to get breast cancer.

  • Radiation exposure

The likelihood of a woman acquiring breast cancer may increase if she frequently undergoes CT scans and X-rays.

  • Obesity

Breast cancer is more likely to strike overweight women.

Breast cancer Myths and Facts

  • You have breast cancer if you have a lump in your breast

Only a small percentage of lumps in the breast are cancerous. But if there is a persistent lump in the breast or any change in the breast tissue, always consult a doctor for a clinical breast exam.

  • You will also get breast cancer if you have a family history of it

Less than 10% of those with breast cancer have a family history of the illness. The majority of female cancer patients have no known family history.

  • Breast cancer spreads easily

Breast cancer cannot be contracted by or passed on to another person. It is a non-contagious illness brought on by the breast tissue's unchecked cell development.

  • Breast cancer may spread as a result of mammography

Breast X-rays or mammograms aid in the early diagnosis of breast cancer. It only needs a tiny amount of radiation. This radiation carries a very minimal risk of injury. To know more consult with our best oncologist in Vijayawada.

Diagnosis of Breast Cancer

  1. Clinical examination

  2. Imaging: Mammogram/ Ultrasound/ MRI

  3. Biopsy

The doctor will check the breasts of the suspect and enquire about their family history, medical history, and any current symptoms in addition to performing the breast exam. Additionally, the doctor will advise testing to look for abnormalities in the breasts.

The healthcare provider might do a breast tissue biopsy if they notice anything worrisome on the imaging tests. The sample will be sent to a pathology lab for examination.

Raising awareness of breast cancer in men

Very few males develop breast cancer as men have a very small amount of breast tissue. The majority of males who develop breast cancer are over 60, though it can also affect younger men. While the specific causes of breast cancer in males are not entirely understood, certain factors raise the risk.

Recommendations for preventing breast cancer

  • Self-examination of your breasts is crucial. Women should be aware of the usual appearance and sensation of their breasts. Consult a doctor if you notice any changes.

  • Women who are close to 40 years old should have a mammogram. Mammography is a straightforward radiographic method that aids in finding breast tissue anomalies.

  • Including fruits and vegetables in your diet might help you maintain a healthy body weight.

  • New mothers are advised to breastfeed their children for at least one year.

  • Excessive consumption of alcohol and smoking should be avoided.

​​​​​​​Dr. V Dharmendra Kumar

Consultant - Surgical Oncologist

Manipal Hospitals, Vijayawada

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