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Nephrotic syndrome is a warning sign which occurs when the clusters of small blood vessels in the kidney are damaged. As a result the kidneys excrete excess proteins in the urine and the levels of proteins in the blood are lowered. Additionally, the cholesterol and triglyceride levels are high in the blood. Nephrotic syndrome can lead to kidney failure over a period and needs a timely treatment.
Nephrotic syndrome results when there is damage to the filtering units of the kidneys called glomeruli. Glomeruli are the clusters of blood vessels supplying the kidneys. This damage can happen due to the below disorders:
The most common symptom of nephrotic syndrome is swelling or edema. This includes swelling of the face, arms, legs, feet, ankles and the belly region. Other symptoms may include:
Nephrotic syndrome can occur at any age. In children it usually occurs between 2-6 years of age. The other risk factors of nephritic syndrome include:
When to consult the doctor?
If the symptoms of nephrotic syndrome become bothersome, then consult the doctor. Seek immediate medical help if seizures occur.
The doctor needs certain laboratory reports to diagnose nephrotic syndrome. These include:
The main aim of the treatment is to reverse the condition and prevent further kidney damage. Treatment is based on the age and overall health of the patient. In some patients treatment may not be necessary. Treatment approaches include one or more of the following:
Treatment may be necessary for a few months to years or sometimes for the rest of the life.
The below complications may result if nephrotic syndrome is not treated properly:
The below self care measures can help to better manage nephrotic syndrome:
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