Kidneys are bean shaped organs that play a pivotal role in eliminating the toxic material from the body through urine. A pair of kidneys is present in the body just below the rib cage on the either side of the spinal cord. A kidney transplant is a surgical process in which a donor donates one of the kidneys to a patient suffering from an end-stage renal disease. End-stage renal disease is the critical stage of kidney’s failure where the kidneys fail to function.
A donor is a person who donates one of his kidneys to a person with chronic kidney disease, such as kidney failure or end-stage renal disease. A live donor is a person who is fit and healthy, belongs to the same family or another; same ethnic origin, and same blood group of the patient. A deceased donor is a person, who is almost dead, but his kidneys are functioning properly and are in a healthy state.
The common causes of kidney failure are:
Kidney transplant is a surgical procedure performed under the influence of general anesthesia where the patient is put to sleep. Catheters are placed on the body near the groin, chest, neck, and wrist to monitor vital responses such as heart beat, and blood pressure. A tube is inserted into the lungs through the mouth; this tube is attached to a ventilator to provide breathing during the procedure.
A long incision is made deep into the lower abdomen on one side. The doctor examines the donor’s kidney and places it into the abdomen. The left donor kidney is implanted on the patient’s right side and right donor kidney on the left side. This allows proper access to the ureter and connection to the urinary bladder. The renal artery and vein of the donor’s kidney are sewed to the external iliac artery and vein of the patient. The blood flow through these blood vessels is checked for any bleeding at the suture lines. The donor’s ureter is connected to the patient’s urinary bladder. The incision is closed with stitches and surgical staples.
The risks associated with kidney transplantation are:
The success rates of a kidney transplant depend on the following conditions:
Follow-up after kidney transplantation
Kidney transplant needs a lifetime commitment from the patient. Regular follow-up is required for monitoring the signs of organ rejection in the patient. The physician orders for certain laboratory tests that include:
Post procedure Care
The following modalities help in keeping the transplanted kidney safe and effective.
Copyright © 2019 MANIPAL HEALTH ENTERPRISES PVT LTD - ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
Hello ! You can escalate your issues by writing directly to me.