Anemia is a condition in which there is a decrease in the production of red blood cells (RBCs). Anemia due to renal causes develops, when the healthy kidneys get damaged and do not produce erythropoietin. Erythropoietin is a hormone, which helps in regulating the body functions and also promotes the production of red blood cells that in turn carry oxygen throughout the body.
When the healthy kidneys are damaged, there is a decrease in the production of red blood cells by the bone marrow. This causes anemia. A decrease in the number of red blood cells may lower the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. Thus, makes the person weak and tired due to lack of energy.
Renal problems may cause anemia. This is caused due to the inadequate production of erythropoietin hormone leading to anemia. The other causes of anemia in kidney disease include:
The following are the symptoms of anemia caused due to renal problems:
If the above mentioned symptoms of anemia are noticed, immediately consult the doctor. Also, people who are at risk of developing anemia should consult the doctor to prevent the worsening of the condition.
People are more prone to develop anemia if any of the following conditions are present along with kidney diseases:
Older people above the age of 75 years and African-Americans have an increased risk of anemia.
There are many conditions that produce similar symptoms to that of anemia. Therefore, it is important to get tested. The doctor may perform a physical examination to check for the presence of the following symptoms:
Laboratory tests may include:
If anemia is not caused due to the deficiency of erythropoietin, iron, vitamin B12 or folic acid, then the doctor may perform further evaluation to check for the presence of any inflammatory conditions or sickle cell disease.
Treatment provided at an early stage helps to delay the progress of kidney disease and relieves the symptoms. The following are the treatment approaches for anemia associated with kidney problems.
Certain dietary modifications can help to prevent and treat anemia. They include:
People with anemia caused due to kidney disease are at risk of developing complications, such as stroke and heart failure. In some cases, this condition may also be fatal.
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