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Multiple myeloma is the cancer of the plasma cells of the bone marrow. The plasma cells function by producing antibodies that recognize germs and fight infections in the body.
The uncontrolled growth of plasma cells leads to decreased production of healthy blood cells in the bone marrow. It also decreases the production of antibodies and increases protein production that affects the normal functioning of the kidneys.
The overproduction of protein from the bone marrow, called immunoglobulin, leads to the accumulation of protein in the bloodstream. This leads to the release of certain chemicals that dissolves the bones and in severe cases, they spill out the contents of the bone marrow and cause organ damage.
Multiple myeloma is commonly found in people above 60 years of age. However, the incidence is higher in men when compared to women.
The symptoms of multiple myeloma include:
The exact cause of multiple myeloma is not known. However, studies suggest that an inherited gene or a change in the DNA pattern may be the cause of developing multiple myeloma.
The risk of developing multiple myeloma may increase with the following conditions:
Multiple myeloma can cause complications such as:
Multiple myeloma can be diagnosed by the following diagnostic procedures:
Multiple myeloma is treated by the following:
Multiple myeloma can be effectively managed by limiting the consumption of alcohol and tobacco. Maintaining a healthy diet with regular exercise helps in reducing the risk of developing the condition. It is also advised to limit the exposure to harmful radiation and toxic chemicals that lower the risk of developing multiple myeloma.
Support from family and friends helps in coping with anxiety and depression caused by the condition. Thus, promoting mental health by meditation, yoga and other therapies eases faster recovery from the condition.
A regular follow-up post multiple myeloma treatment is essential to prevent worsening of the condition.
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Manika Saha, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr. Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a brain tumour removal in Whitefield, Bengaluru which gave her vision back.
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