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Idiopathic hypersomnia is a chronic sleep disorder that causes excessive daytime sleepiness. The excessive sleep during the day makes it difficult to stay awake, even after a sufficient night’s sleep. The frequency and duration of the nap affect the day-to-day routine activities such as:
The naps in between daily routine activities are not refreshing and create a lethargic feeling throughout the day, thus affecting the quality and the performance of the individual at work or daily activities.
The symptoms of idiopathic hypersomnia gradually develop during teenage and are majorily observed in adults.The symptoms of Idiopathic hypersomnia include:
The term ‘idiopathic’ means ‘unknown cause’. Thus, the exact cause of excessive daytime sleepiness is not determined. However, the symptoms of idiopathic hypersomnia mimics the symptoms of narcolepsy, but differ in their physiological functions.
Idiopathic hypersomnia may also occur due to depression, head injury or trauma, decreased thyroid function and side effects of consumption of certain drugs or alcohol.
The risk factors of Idiopathic hypersomnia include:
Idiopathic hypersomnia can be diagnosed by the following procedures:
The treatment for idiopathic hypersomnia may include sedatives that promote effective nighttime sleep. The doctor may also prescribe antipsychotic and antidepressant medicines along with sedatives for effective treatment of Idiopathic hypersomnia.
The treatment may also include stimulants that keep the brain active and prevents excessive daytime sleep.
Idiopathic hypersomnia can be effectively managed by following lifestyle modifications such as:
Geeta Dutta, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a craniotomy & brain tumour removal.
Manika Saha, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr. Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a brain tumour removal in Whitefield, Bengaluru which gave her vision back.
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