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Guillain-Barre syndrome is an autoimmune disorder that causes damage to the nerve fibres. It produces numbness, weakness and prickling of the peripheral nervous system, thus damaging the myelin sheath of the nerve fibres. It also leads to paralysis in extreme conditions.
The exact cause of Guillain-Barre syndrome is not known, however, it is assumed to occur due to respiratory tract infections or stomach flu.
Guillain-Barre syndrome is a rare disorder that usually affects men over women, with maximum cases reported in the older population.
The symptoms of Guillain-Barre syndrome originates in the lower extremities of the limbs and progresses towards the upper part of the body. Paralysis is observed when Guillain-Barre syndrome majorly affects the nerve fibres.
The symptoms of Guillain-Barre syndrome include:
The exact cause of Guillain-Barre syndrome is not known. However, studies suggest respiratory tract infections or stomach flu to be the cause of the infection. Guillain-Barre syndrome may also develop post-surgery or after any immunization procedure.
The risk of developing Guillain-Barre syndrome may increase with the following conditions:
A wide range of complications is observed as Guillain-Barre syndrome affects the nerve fibers in the body. The complications that arise due to Guillain-Barre syndrome are:
Guillain-Barre syndrome is diagnosed by the following diagnostic measures:
Medication therapy may focus on reducing the risk of infections and other drugs to treat pain and inflammation. Anticoagulant drugs are also used to prevent blood clots due to prolonged immobile condition.
Other treatment therapies
The other treatment therapies of Guillain-Barre syndrome include:
Management and support
Guillain-Barre syndrome is a chronic health condition that requires a longer duration of treatment and recovery. This requires an extensive support of family and friends for better rehabilitative measures. Visiting the doctor regularly is essential for the management of Guillain-Barre syndrome.
Guillain-Barre syndrome takes months or years for complete recovery from the condition. However, medication therapy followed by other therapies, such as physiotherapy promotes better recovery from the condition.
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Manika Saha, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr. Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a brain tumour removal in Whitefield, Bengaluru which gave her vision back.
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