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Glioma is a type of brain tumor that affects the central nervous system. These tumors originate in the glial cells of the brain and the spinal cord and are the most common type of primary tumors. These tumors affect the normal functioning of the brain and may prove fatal in certain cases.
Glioma occurs due to affected glial cells that are found in abundance in the central nervous system. These cells provide support and insulation to the neurons thereby providing transmission of nerve impulses to the brain.
Depending on the type of glial cell and the origin of tumour cells, glioma can be classified into:
The type and the origin of glioma determine the mode of treatment and the scope of recovery from the condition.
Gliomas affect the transmission of nerve impulses in the brain and may produce symptoms that affect the normal functioning of the body.
The common symptoms of gliomas include:
The exact cause of gliomas is not known. However, certain factors such as an inherited gene, genetic mutation, environmental factors and physiological factors are known to cause gliomas.
The risk of factors of gliomas include
The symptoms produced may provide scope for the diagnosis of glioma. Glioma is detected by the following diagnostic procedures:
The type of tumour, size, location and the severity of the condition determines the mode of treatment to be followed.
The use of other medicines such as analgesics, antiepileptic drugs and steroid is administered to treat and relieve pain, seizures and inflammation respectively.
Management and support
Early detection and diagnosis of the symptoms provide scope for treatment and cure of gliomas. Managing the symptoms and complications help in minimizing the risk of damage to the brain and other body parts.
Special care and support should be provided during and after the treatment of glioma to prevent the risk of post-surgical bleeding and other complications. Care should be taken to maintain intracranial pressure during and after brain surgery.
Seeking additional speech and physical therapies helps in regaining speech and motor movements. This enables better rehabilitation and improves speech, coordination and balance.
Regular follow-up sessions and the use of medication helps the patient in recovering faster from the symptoms of gliomas.
Geeta Dutta, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a craniotomy & brain tumour removal.
Manika Saha, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr. Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a brain tumour removal in Whitefield, Bengaluru which gave her vision back.
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