A ganglion cyst is a lump that occurs due to the accumulation of jelly-like fluid over the joints of the arm or wrist. These are non-cancerous tumours that are also called as bible cysts.
Ganglion cysts are observed as a single large cyst that forms a spherical or oval shape. These cysts are either a single large cyst or multiple small cysts that appear as a single unit.
The prevalence of ganglion cyst is common in people between the age groups 20-40 years, although a maximum number of these cases are reported among women. However, this condition is rarely observed in children below 10 years of age.
A ganglion cyst can be observed in the following parts of the body:
The symptoms of Ganglion cyst include:
The exact cause of ganglion cyst is not known; however, studies show that the swelling and enlargement of the tissue surrounding the joint may lead to cyst formation. It was also observed that the fluid within the cyst was similar to the fluid released from the tendons and the joints.
The factors that increase the risk of developing ganglion cyst are:
Physical examination is performed to determine the size and the location of the ganglion cyst.
A slight pressure is applied over the lump that helps in establishing the tenderness of the cyst. The tenderness or hardness of the ganglion cyst provides scope for further diagnosis and treatment. The other diagnostic tests for ganglion cyst include:
Ganglion cyst tends to disappear without the need for any treatment. However, treatment is essential when the cyst causes chronic pain or increase in size over time.
The treatment for ganglion cyst includes:
A ganglion cyst is a non-cancerous tumor or mass formation that fades away over time. However, these cysts may recur. A ganglion cyst can be effectively managed by use of medication and treatment therapies that helps in relieving pain and stress caused to the underlying tissues and nerves.
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