Esthesioneuroblastoma is also known as olfactory neuroblastoma. It is a rare malignant tumour that occurs in the upper nasal cavity. It is believed to arise from soft, lubricated tissue sensory neuroepithelial cells. A tumour can pile-up very quickly and may block one or both nostrils causing severe difficulty in breathing.
Esthesioneuroblastoma can occur at any age in adults. It usually begins as a tumour in the nasal cavity and later may spread to other parts, such aseyes and brain. In severe cases, esthesioneuroblastoma may spread even to the lungs, liver and bones. This condition is complicated to treat due to the location of thetumour and its closeness to cranial cavity. However, surgery, chemotherapy and radiation are the most recommended treatment options.
The following are the signs and symptoms of esthesioneuroblastoma:
The exact cause of esthesioneuroblastoma is unknown. However, this condition may originate from the following specific areas:
Although, esthesioneuroblastoma can affect aperson of any age group, people with afamily history of esthesioneuroblastoma, neck or head cancer are at a higher risk of developing the condition. The following are a few risk factors for developing esthesioneuroblastoma:
The complications of esthesioneuroblastoma are unclear, however there is a possibility for the tumour to reoccur and spread to other parts of the body. If this condition is left untreated, it may also lead to the death of the person.
The doctor may first perform a physical examination to check for abnormalities in the body and also to understand the extent of the tumour. The following are the diagnostic tests the doctor may recommend.
Esthesioneuroblastoma has diverse treatment due to its complex nature. The treatment depends on the stage of esthesioneuroblastoma. The following are the treatment option for esthesioneuroblastoma:
Geeta Dutta, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a craniotomy & brain tumour removal.
Manika Saha, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr. Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a brain tumour removal in Whitefield, Bengaluru which gave her vision back.
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