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Encephalitis is a brain disorder that is caused due to inflammation of the brain cells. The exact cause of encephalitis is not known, however, the viral infection is a major factor known to cause encephalitis.
Encephalitis caused due to viral infections can be classified into two types, namely the primary infection and secondary infection. Primary viral infection is known to arise in the brain itself, while secondary infections occur when infections start in other parts of the body and travel to the brain.
An individual can also observe the change in thinking ability, movement and seizures in chronic conditions of encephalitis. Prolonged disease condition of encephalitis can be fatal.
Signs and symptoms
The most common symptoms of viral encephalitis include:
Some of the severe symptoms include:
The signs and symptoms in children include:
The organism that causes encephalitis includes:
The diagnosis of encephalitis includes:
The medication therapy for encephalitis may include anti-inflammatory agents and anti-viral drugs. These drugs are usually prescribed in combination to treat infections and inflammation caused due to the disease.
Apart from the use of medications, individuals are recommended complete bed rest and are also asked to drink plenty of water. However, it is advised to consult the doctor if the condition does not improve even after regular use of the medicines.
In severe conditions of encephalitis, the individual may require special supportive care that may include:
On recovery from the infection, special care and follow-up sessions are required to prevent further complications. The individual may be recommended rehabilitative care and support for better response and recovery from the condition.
The following are the non-pharmacological therapies followed for better management of encephalitis
Psychotherapy: This therapy may include skills to improve the mood and personality disorders that may be affected due to encephalitis. It helps in treating the psychological disorders of the individual.
Physical therapy: This therapy helps in improving the muscle flexibility and motor coordination that is usually affected due to muscle stiffness and rigidity.
Speech therapy: This therapy helps improve the speech that may be affected due to loss of muscle control and coordination.
Vaccinations: The doctor may recommend a few vaccinations for the child, which helps build immunity and fight infections.
Precaution: It is advised to maintain hygiene by washing hands before and after using the toilet. It prevents the spread of viral infections from person to person.
Geeta Dutta, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a craniotomy & brain tumour removal.
Manika Saha, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr. Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a brain tumour removal in Whitefield, Bengaluru which gave her vision back.
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