A group of disorders affecting the muscle movement and coordination is collectively called as cerebral palsy. Cerebral palsy starts in the cerebrum area which controls body movements and is a non-progressive disease. Cerebral palsy also affects the vision, hearing, and sensation.
Cerebral palsy is of two types, namely:
Cerebral palsy is not immediately observed after the birth of the child. The symptoms appear at a later stage, one or two years after the birth of the child.
The symptoms of cerebral palsy are:
People with cerebral palsy caused due to brain abnormalities might develop these following symptoms in addition to the ones mentioned above.
Cerebral palsy is caused due to an injury or disruption during brain development. This brain damage may occur within the first five years of birth or during pregnancy.
There are various reasons for brain damage to occur to the fetus during pregnancy, which are as follows:
Factors causing stroke in fetus
Several factors are responsible for causing stroke in a fetus. These include:
Risk factors during childbirth that cause cerebral palsy are:
The following are a few causes of cerebral palsy that is caused due to brain damage after birth:
Diagnosis is performed when the doctor suspects the child to have cerebral palsy. The doctor refers the child to a pediatric neurologist after performing a physical examination of the child. He may also record the child’s medical history for further evaluation.
The doctor may recommend a few diagnostic tests to rule out other possible disease conditions that show similar symptoms. The diagnostic tests are:
Cerebral palsy is a lifelong disorder, but its impact on the child can be reduced by increasing the quality of life of the child. There is a medical care team that closely works together and ensures a better quality of life for the patient.
Treatment for the symptoms of cerebral palsy includes:
The following modalities will help children with cerebral palsy. They are:
Prevention or lifestyle changes
It is difficult to prevent cerebral palsy; however, a change in the lifestyle may help in reducing the risk of developing the condition. The following are the preventive measures:
Geeta Dutta, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a craniotomy & brain tumour removal.
Manika Saha, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr. Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a brain tumour removal in Whitefield, Bengaluru which gave her vision back.
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