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Brain stroke is an emergency situation and requires immediate medical intervention. A brain stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to the brain cells that may occur due to the presence of a blood clot or other mass in the blood vessel leading to their death. The death of the brain cells leads to lack of coordination between the affected part of the brain and the related body parts. Early detection of the symptoms and immediate management can prevent several major complications.
The symptoms must be identified and immediate action must be taken, as a delay might lead to the death of the brain tissue. Brain stroke symptoms are easily identified. Symptoms of brain stroke include:
The following are the causes of brain stroke:
Causes of Ischemic Stroke
Ischemic stroke is caused due to the blockage or narrowing of the arteries, which may lead to reduced blood flow. The causes of blockage or narrowing of the arteries are as follow:
Causes of Hemorrhagic Stroke
Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when the blood vessels get ruptured that lead to a decrease in the blood supply to the brain tissue. The blood vessels get ruptured due to the following reasons.
Causes of Transient Ischemic Attack or TIA
Transient ischemic attack occurs due to the presence of blood clot or debris that is responsible for temporary blockage of blood flow to the brain tissue. Usually, the symptoms observed in an ischemic attack are seen for a brief period here.
The following are the risk factors that are associated to brain stroke:
The doctor records the medical history and physiological conditions of the patient. He then observes for atherosclerosis symptoms in the neck region with the help of a stethoscope. The following are the diagnostic tests the doctor may recommend for the patient.
Treatment of Ischemic Stroke
Treatment of brain stroke depends on the type of brain stroke. The doctor tries to immediately restore blood flow to the brain by using medications to remove or burst the blood clots in the brain. An injection of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) may be recommended to break the blood clots in the brain. The doctor uses a catheter to deliver medications and TPA directly to the brain in places where there is a chance for the stroke to reoccur. Angioplasty is performed to widen the narrowed arteries in the brain by inserting stents to restore the blood flow. Carotid endarterectomy is a surgery performed to remove plaques in the carotid arteries.
Treatment of Hemorrhagic Stroke
Medications such as anti-seizure drugs, anti-platelet drugs, Coumadin and counteracting drugs against blood thinners may be prescribed for the treatment of hemorrhagic stroke. Anti-hypertensive drugs, vasospasm preventing drugs, intracranial pressure reducing drugs may also be given additionally.
Surgical Blood Vessel Repair
Blood vessel abnormalities can be minimized by surgical procedures such as:
A change in the lifestyle of can help in preventing another stroke. The following modalities help to prevent heart diseases and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Geeta Dutta, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a craniotomy & brain tumour removal.
Manika Saha, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr. Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a brain tumour removal in Whitefield, Bengaluru which gave her vision back.
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