Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurological disorder that causes degeneration of the nerve cells. It causes memory loss and decreased cognitive function that leads to a wide range of neurological disorders. Dementia is a cause of Alzheimer's disease that is known to cause memory loss. Alzheimer's disease affects elderly people in large numbers; however, the incidence is higher in women because of their longer lifespan when compared to men.
The symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease vary from confusion and memory impairment to personality changes that affect the day-to-day activities of the person. Early detection and diagnosis of these symptoms help in better treatment and management of Alzheimer's disease. The common symptoms of Alzheimer's disease include:
Alzheimer's disease may arise due to genetic, environmental, lifestyle changes or a combination of these factors. Among these, age and genetic changes are common causes of Alzheimer's disease. The brain cells are affected due to gradual degeneration of nerve cells. This occurs due to cell shrinkage or nutritional supplements deprivation that leads to the death of brain cells. The brain cell death is observed due to the following conditions:
The risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease increase with the following factors:
Alzheimer’s disease cause decreased concentration, impaired speech and inability to communicate or express emotional stress and other health ailments. The timely diagnosis and treatment of the condition reduce the risk of these complications.
There is no specific parameter to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease. The symptoms and the physical findings provide major scope for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. The occurrence of Alzheimer's disease is only confirmed by the presence of plaques and tangles in the brain of the dead person. The diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease includes:
There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease. However, Alzheimer's disease is managed by effective use of medicines and other therapies that treat cognitive and behavioural changes.
Medication Therapy : It does not provide complete relief but helps in relieving symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. Drugs such as anti-anxiety, antidepressant and sedatives are used to treat memory loss are prescribed to relieve the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. Cholinesterase inhibitors are a choice of drug used to relieve the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease.
Regular physical fitness, nutritious diet and proper hygiene play a major role in reducing the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. It also delays the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease in people with a family history of the condition. Maintaining balanced blood sugar levels and blood pressure helps in promoting a healthy lifestyle and delays the formation of Alzheimer's disease.
The use of various natural products such as vitamin E, curcumin, omega-3 fatty acids and gingko delay the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. Promoting mental health by participating in social activities helps in balancing emotional stress. It thus controls anger, grief, anxiety and depression caused due to Alzheimer's disease. Special care should be taken to keep certain valuables, such as wallets, keys, money and medicines in a particular place as it avoids confusion.
Geeta Dutta, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a craniotomy & brain tumour removal.
Manika Saha, a patient from West Bengal got in touch with Dr. Venugopal Subramaniam, Consultant Neurosurgeon at Manipal Hospitals Whitefield through the OPD clinic programme and then later was guided by him towards a brain tumour removal in Whitefield, Bengaluru which gave her vision back.
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