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Esophageal ulcers are also called as peptic ulcers. Peptic ulcers are the ulcers that develop in the inner lining of the stomach, lower esophagus and also in the duodenum. It is the most common type of ulcer which causes burning and pain in the abdomen. This condition is developed due to an inflammation caused by bacteria called H.pylori and also due to acid reflux from the stomach.
Peptic ulcers are the holes that are created in the inner lining of the stomach and therefore they come in contact with the acids in the stomach. More than 4 percent of the population suffers from peptic ulcers. If this condition is left untreated more and more health complications may develop.
TYPES OF PEPTIC ULCERS
There are three types of peptic ulcers. They are:
Gastric ulcers are the ulcers that develop inside the stomach.
Esophageal ulcers are the ulcers that develop inside the esophagus.
Duodenal ulcers are the ulcers that develop in the duodenum.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
The most common symptom of peptic ulcer is pain. A person suffering from peptic ulcer may usually experience pain in the upper abdomen, just below the chest. The pain may last for a few minutes or several hours. The pain may increase during the night as the stomach is empty and the wall of the stomach is directly exposed to acid for a long period of time.
The other symptoms of peptic ulcer include:
There are various causes for the ulcers to form on the inner lining of the stomach, esophagus and duodenum. They are:
The following are the tests performed to diagnose peptic ulcer:
The doctor may decide an appropriate treatment for peptic ulcer based o the condition of the patient. The treatment involves the elimination of H. pylori bacterium from the body and the reduction of acid secretion in the stomach. The following medications and treatments are provided to treat the condition.
Some other medicines which may help are sucralfate that forms a coating on the lining and protects it, and misoprostol, a drug that prevents ulcers in people who take regular NSAIDs. These are called cytoprotective agents.
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