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Diverticulitis is a disease related to the digestive system that affects the large intestine. Diverticulitis occurs when bulging sacs or pockets that appear in the lining of the large intestine get inflamed and infected. This condition is known as diverticulitis. It is a painful condition and the person suffering with diverticulitis may experience pain in the left side of the abdomen. This is especially accompanied by rectal bleeding.
Diverticulitis may develop anywhere in the digestive system but it is more common in the large intestine. It is mostly found in the lower part of the large intestine. This disease affects people above the age of 40 years and may cause a lot of problems. Based on the severity of the condition, appropriate treatment is given. In case of mild diverticulitis, the patient may recover with proper rest and in other serious conditions; the patient may have to undergo a surgery.
The symptoms of diverticulitis may last from few hours to a few weeks. The symptoms include:
The patient may suffer from diarrhea in rare cases. He may also feel feverish, tired and unwell. The temperature may be on a higher side.
The exact cause of the condition is not known. However, eating food which is low in fiber may be the cause for the development of diverticulitis. Having food which is less in fiber creates constipation in the person. During constipation, more pressure is required to move the stool which may lead to increased pressure in the colon. This may lead to the formation of pores in the inner lining of the colon. The weak spots in the colon wall are pressurized causing the diverticula to tear. This results in the inflammation in the affected area and also the spread of infection from the colon to the abdominal cavity.
There are several factors that may increase the risk of developing diverticulitis.
More than 25 percent of the people suffering from diverticulitis may develop the following complications.
The following are the various diagnostic tests performed in a person suffering from stomach cancer.
The treatment for diverticulitis depends on the severity of the condition. The following are the treatments given for diverticulitis.
For people with mild symptoms of diverticulitis, antibiotics, liquid diet for a few days and solid food rich in fiber may be given. Over-the-counter drugs are also prescribed by the doctor to treat the condition.
In case of severe condition, the doctor may recommend for a surgery. Surgery for diverticulitis is of two types.
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