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Crohn's disease is a chronic disease which causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is a serious condition which affects any part of the gut from mouth to anus; however, last part of the small intestine and upper part of large intestine are usually affected. Crohn’s disease is a life-threatening complication in which inflammation can spread deep into the layers of bowel tissue, causing severe pain. Various treatment options are available for the treatment of Crohn’s disease. The condition can be effectively managed when diagnosed in early stages.
Stomach pain and bloody diarrhea are the most common symptoms of Crohn’s disease. Few people may experience diarrhea for almost 20 times a day. Other symptoms of Crohn’s disease are:
The patient should consult the doctor immediately if there are persistent changes in the bowel or if the above symptoms are seen for a longer duration.
The exact cause of Crohn’s disease is still not known. Few researchers believe that it is caused by diet and stress. The other causes of Crohn's disease are:
The doctor first assesses the symptoms and performs physical examination. If Crohn's disease is suspected, the doctor may suggest other tests such as:
Treatment depends on the signs and severity of the disease. Few patients may find relief by making alterations in the diet, especially by taking liquid diet. Crohn’s disease can be usually managed through medications that help reduce the inflammation that triggers the signs and symptoms. If the condition is not treated with medications, surgery would be beneficial.
If lifestyle changes and medications do not cure Crohn’s disease, surgery would be beneficial. The commonly used surgical technique to treat Crohn's disease is strictureplasty. In this technique, segment of the intestine is widened that has become too narrow. However, the benefits of surgery are temporary.
Changes in diet and lifestyle help control the symptoms of Crohn's disease.
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