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Celiac disease is also called as coeliac disease, celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy. It is a serious genetic autoimmune disorder. It is a condition in which the undigested gluten leads to the damage of the small intestine. Celiac disease is a condition which affects 1 in 100 people worldwide. It is a hereditary disease and every 1 out of 10 people have a risk of developing this disease.
Gluten is a protein that is found in barley, wheat, rye and other grains. It is a protein that makes dough elastic and also gives a chewy texture. People suffering with celiac disease may be intolerant to gluten as the body overacts to the protein and damages the small finger-like projections called the villi which are present along the length of the small intestine. Once the villi are destroyed, absorption of nutrients from the food is reduced and the person suffers from malnutrition.
People suffering from celiac disease may experience the following signs and symptoms.
Not everyone suffering with celiac disease have the same symptoms. These symptoms may vary from one person to the other and may disappear until late adulthood. 15-25% patients with celiac disease may have an itchy and blistering skin rash on areas like elbows, knees and buttocks. The formation of rash may be a main sign of celiac disease.
Children suffering with celiac disease may have the following signs and symptoms.
The exact cause of the disease in not known. However, the following are the causes of celiac disease.
The complications involved in celiac disease are:
The doctor performs a complete examination of the patient to identify the changes in the body. The doctor also requires the medical history of the patient. The following tests are performed to diagnose celiac disease.
Celiac disease cannot be ignored. There is no cure for celiac disease. The best treatment is to remain on a gluten free diet.
Celiac disease cannot be prevented; however with the help of a gluten-free diet celiac disease can be treated and prevented from further complications.
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